Benign Rolandic Epilepsyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/Benign_Rolandic_Epilepsy_enHD_1.jpgKids with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC) have seizures that involve twitching, numbness, or tingling of the face or tongue. benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood, BREC, epilepsy, seizures, siezures, spasms, twitching, numbness, tingling, focal seizures, seizures during sleep, facial twitching, drooling, tonic-clonic seizure, tonic-clonic, epileptic, fits, neurologist, neurology, EEG, MRI, VEEG, video electroencephalography, 08/22/201709/17/201909/17/2019KidsHealth Medical Experts10/14/2017cacf42b8-6bd0-4265-92db-97852a24d2cdhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brec.html/<h3>What Is Benign Rolandic Epilepsy of Childhood?</h3> <p>Kids with benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood (BREC) have <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/">seizures</a> that involve twitching, numbness, or tingling of the face or tongue.</p> <p>They typically happen in the early morning hours or just before bedtime. They also can happen during sleep. The seizures may stop 2&ndash;4 years after they begin, but often continue into puberty.</p> <p>The term "benign" is somewhat outdated because now it is known that some of these children have learning difficulties.</p> <h3>What Do Seizures Look Like in Benign Rolandic Epilepsy?</h3> <p>The seizures in BREC (also known as benign rolandic epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, or BECTS) are <strong>focal seizures</strong>. This means that they only happen on one side of the brain at a time. They can shift from side to side.</p> <p>The seizures usually last less than 2 minutes and during one, a child will have:</p> <ul> <li>facial twitching</li> <li>numbness and tingling in the face or tongue</li> <li>drooling</li> <li>problems speaking</li> <li>if awake, full awareness during the seizure</li> </ul> <p>Sometimes a BREC seizure can lead to a <strong>tonic-clonic seizure</strong> in which the whole body jerks with forceful movements.</p> <h3>What Causes Benign Rolandic Epilepsy?</h3> <p>Doctors don't know what causes benign rolandic epilepsy. Some kids with BREC may have a relative who also has <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy.html/">epilepsy</a>. Recently, several gene mutations were discovered in such families.</p> <h3>How Is Benign Rolandic Epilepsy Diagnosed?</h3> <p>BREC is diagnosed by a pediatric neurologist (a doctor who specializes in brain, spine, and nervous system problems). Testing may include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eeg.html/">EEG</a>, or electroencephalography (to see brain waves/electrical activity in the brain). The EEGs are often normal, but a longer test may catch a centrotemporal spike.</li> <li>VEEG, or video electroencephalography (EEG with video recording)</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri.html/">MRI</a> scans to look inside the brain (the results usually are normal)</li> </ul> <h3>How Is Benign Rolandic Epilepsy Treated?</h3> <p>There is some debate as to whether children with benign rolandic epilepsy need treatment. In some European countries, doctors often choose not to treat the condition.</p> <p>Many pediatric neurologists use a low-dose seizure medicine to treat BREC.&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 1em;">Before stopping the medicine when a child reaches puberty, doctors usually order a 24-hour VEEG recording to make sure the centrotemporal spikes are gone.</span></p> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>If your child takes medicine, make sure you give it exactly as directed. Also help your child avoid known seizure triggers such as lack of sleep or the use of antihistamine medicines (such as Benadryl).</p> <p>Some children with BREC have learning or behavior problems during the years that they have seizures. While this usually goes away after the child stops having seizures, get help from specialists early on to support academic and emotional success.</p> <p>No special care is needed during a typical BREC seizure. But because a BREC seizure can lead to a tonic-clonic seizure, make sure that you and other adults and caregivers (family members, babysitters, teachers, coaches, etc.) know <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/">what to do</a> if one happens.</p>Epilepsia rolándica benignaLos niños con una epilepsia rolándica benigna tienen convulsiones epilépticas que implican sacudidas, entumecimientos u hormigueo en la cara o en la lengua.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/brec-esp.html/cbf753c4-35f6-4e02-9ba3-98cecab0bd8d
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE)Kids with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have seizures where they "blank out" for a few seconds. Most kids will outgrow CAE.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childhood-absence-epilepsy.html/612e939f-cd06-4a14-8904-279264e58bb8
EEG (Electroencephalogram)Is your child scheduled to have an EEG? Find out how this test is done and when you can expect the results.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eeg.html/59856151-e10f-4762-88b3-0101f77de8a7
EpilepsySeizures are a common symptom of epilepsy, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Learn all about epilepsy, including what to do if you see someone having a seizure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/epilepsy.html/85df049a-dc59-41a5-b92c-421ea2d711be
Epilepsy Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about epilepsy, and what they can do to help students with the condition succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-factsheet.html/83a2f877-3f5b-41d4-949f-1e24584cfabc
Epilepsy SurgeryEpilepsy surgery is an operation done on the brain to reduce or stop seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/epilepsy-surgery.html/62a50c44-d6c5-44e2-b4d2-697d4d8aa46c
First Aid: SeizuresAlthough seizures can be frightening, usually they last only a few minutes, stop on their own, and are almost never life-threatening.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizures-sheet.html/b5b828f7-d921-49cf-9b8a-79401d2378e9
Intractable EpilepsyIntractable epilepsy is when a child's seizures can't be controlled by medicines. Doctors may recommend surgery or other treatments for intractable seizures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/intractable-epilepsy.html/b8735f52-1cd8-4dc4-9c1e-b0af479bdac5
Juvenile Myoclonic EpilepsyKids with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have one or more of several different kinds of seizures, which begin around the age of puberty.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy.html/f594267f-fabd-48e1-95b8-45e3483b107a
SeizuresSeizures are caused by a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain. Find out what you need to know about seizures and what to do if your child has one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seizure.html/17184860-dea1-4cd4-95ba-3cf34539cd44
Temporal Lobe EpilepsyKids with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have seizures that start in one of the temporal lobes of the brain. Seizures usually get better with medicine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/temporal-lobe-epilepsy.html/a45446cb-f4f8-4aa6-a259-9248db76f764
Word! NeurologistA neurologist is a doctor who studies the nervous system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-neurologist.html/e6d1b25c-024e-432c-b647-ba682fe069ad
Word! SeizureYou might hear a seizure called a convulsion, fit, or spell.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-seizure.html/70e445af-ba78-41bd-94f7-293962fa407b
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-neurologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-neurologyBrain & Nervous Systemhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/brain/d6b00a11-9db0-403c-bc41-00bcdf022537