Blood Test: Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-testBMP-enHD-AR1.gifA basic metabolic panel (BMP), commonly ordered as part of routine medical exam, is a set of blood tests that gives information about sugar (glucose) and calcium levels, kidney function, and electrolyte and fluid balance.blood tests, basic metabolic panels, diagnostic tests, sugars, glucose, calcium, kidneys, electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, medical exams, medical tests, blood samples, bun, hematomas, basic metabolic panels, BMP, fluid balance10/06/200803/18/201909/02/2019d899bdac-ae4f-4205-90b1-756fd8a20d93https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-bmp.html/<h3>What Is a Blood Test?</h3> <p>A blood test is when a sample of blood is taken from the body to be tested in a lab. Doctors order blood tests to check things such as the levels of glucose, hemoglobin, or white blood cells. This can help them detect problems like a disease or medical condition. Sometimes, blood tests can help them see how well an organ (such as the liver or kidneys) is working.</p> <h3>What Is a Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)?</h3> <p>The basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a blood test that gives doctors information about the body's fluid balance, levels of electrolytes like sodium and potassium, and how well the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/">kidneys</a> are working.</p> <h3>Why Are Basic Metabolic Panels Done?</h3> <p>A BMP is done to learn information about the levels of:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/glucose.html/"><strong>Glucose</strong></a>, a type of sugar used by the body for energy. High glucose levels may point to diabetes.</li> <li><strong>Electrolytes:</strong> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/"><strong>Calcium</strong></a>, which plays an important role in how muscles and nerves work.</li> <li><strong>Sodium, potassium</strong>, <strong>carbon dioxide</strong>, and <strong>chloride</strong>, which help control the body's fluid levels and its acid-base balance. Normal levels of these electrolytes help keep cells in the body working as they should.</li> </ul> </li> <li><strong>Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)</strong> and <strong>creatinine</strong>, which are waste products filtered out of the blood by the kidneys. These levels show how well the kidneys are working.</li> </ul> <h3>How Should We Prepare for a BMP?</h3> <p>Your child may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 8 to 12 hours before a BMP. Tell your doctor about any medicines your child takes because some drugs might affect the test results.</p> <p>Wearing a T-shirt or short-sleeved shirt for the test can make things easier for your child, and you also can bring along a toy or book as a distraction.</p> <h3>How Is a BMP Done?</h3> <p>Most blood tests take a small amount of blood from a vein. To do that, a health professional will:</p> <ul> <li>clean the skin</li> <li>put an elastic band (tourniquet) above the area to get the veins to swell with blood</li> <li>insert a needle into a vein (usually in the arm inside of the elbow or on the back of the hand)&nbsp;</li> <li>pull the blood sample into a vial or syringe</li> <li>take off the elastic band and remove the needle from the vein</li> </ul> <p>In babies, blood draws are sometimes done as a "heel stick collection." After cleaning the area, the health professional will prick your baby's heel with a tiny needle (or lancet) to collect a small sample of blood.</p> <p>Collecting a sample of blood is only temporarily uncomfortable and can feel like a quick pinprick.</p> <p><img class="left" title="drawing_blood" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/bloodTest-400x760-rd1-enIL.gif" alt="drawing_blood" name="974-031609_BLOODTEST_RD7.GIF" /></p> <p><img class="left" title="heel_prick_illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/heelPrick-339x356-rd1-enIL.gif" alt="heel_prick_illustration" name="865-103108_HEELPRICK1-2_RD4.GIF" /></p> <h3>Can I Stay With My Child During a BMP?</h3> <p>Parents usually can stay with their child during a blood test. Encourage your child to relax and stay still because tensing muscles can make it harder to draw blood. Your child might want to look away when the needle is inserted and the blood is collected. Encourage your child to relax by taking slow deep breaths or singing a favorite song.</p> <h3>How Long Does a BMP Take?</h3> <p>Most blood tests take just a few minutes. Occasionally, it can be hard to find a vein so the health professional may need to try more than once.</p> <h3>What Happens After a BMP?</h3> <p>The health professional will remove the elastic band and the needle and cover the area with cotton or a bandage to stop the bleeding. Afterward, there may be some mild bruising, which should go away in a few days.</p> <h3>When Are BMP Results Ready?</h3> <p>Blood samples are processed by a machine, and it may take a few hours to a day for the results to be available. If the test results show signs of a problem, the doctor might order other tests to figure out what the problem is and how to treat it.</p> <h3>Are There Any Risks From BMPs?</h3> <p>A basic metabolic panel is a safe procedure with minimal risks. Some kids might feel faint or lightheaded from the test. A few kids and teens have a strong fear of needles. If your child is anxious, talk with the doctor before the test about ways to make the procedure easier.</p> <p>A small bruise or mild soreness around the blood test site is common and can last for a few days. Get medical care for your child if the discomfort gets worse or lasts longer.&nbsp;</p> <p>If you have questions about the BMP, speak with your doctor or the health professional doing the blood draw.</p>Análisis de sangre: panel metabólico básicoEl panel metabólico básico se suele solicitar como parte de un chequeo médico o físico de rutina. También se suele solicitar en el caso de pacientes de la sala de emergencias, ya que puede proporcionar información sobre problemas médicos que provocan desequilibrios químicos en el organismo y requieren atención inmediata.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/es/parents/blood-test-bmp-esp.html/df103a6c-f351-4513-9258-d77a2a51469c
Basic Blood Chemistry TestsDoctors order basic blood chemistry tests to assess a wide range of conditions and the function of organs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest5.html/e40eaa28-5011-4492-8c05-0c36af25989a
Blood Test (Video)These videos show what's involved in getting a blood test and what it's like to be the person taking the blood sample.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/video-bldtest.html/267eef2d-8579-44db-adcb-641db49d0ec0
Blood Test: Basic Metabolic PanelA basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a group of blood tests that provide doctors with clues about how the body is working. Find out why doctors do this and what's involved for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/test-bmp.html/acc56baa-4973-4ec4-a72f-c21527648d02
CalciumMilk and other calcium-rich foods help build strong, healthy bones. But most kids and teens don't get enough calcium. Here's how to make sure that yours do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/04158c7a-d9df-4d75-b405-4b41c400391d
Definition: HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia occurs when the level of glucose in the blood is lower than it should be.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/def-hypoglycemia.html/365261f8-0bdd-4509-a186-6c2749322a17
DehydrationSometimes kids lose fluids and salts through fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating. Here are some tips on preventing or treating dehydration.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/26fa7977-df7d-4ce1-87bd-cfe2b6db096c
Diabetes CenterDiabetes means a problem with insulin, an important hormone in the body. Find out how children with diabetes can stay healthy and do the normal stuff kids like to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/diabetes-center.html/0767277a-98f9-4541-b2f6-f3c68f43a94c
Getting a Blood Test (Video)A blood test might sound scary, but it usually takes less than a minute. Watch what happens in this video for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/video-bldtest.html/13ac3212-6f5c-4741-8827-24b1c5a9549e
HypoglycemiaWhen blood glucose levels drop too low, it's called hypoglycemia. Very low blood sugar levels can cause severe symptoms that require immediate treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypoglycemia.html/a5a7783c-d631-4896-baa4-6f28cc0d82bd
Kidneys and Urinary TractThe bean-shaped kidneys, each about the size of a child's fist, are essential to our health. Their most important role is to filter blood and produce urine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/0cbf3444-1a45-4512-9af9-bc76e5592336
Ultrasound: Renal (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)A renal ultrasound makes images of your child's kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Doctors may order this test if they suspect kidney damage, cysts, tumors, kidney stones, or complications from urinary tract infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/renal-ultrasound.html/05b3083e-733a-40c6-9fd9-5a38877ccc4f
Urine Test: Microalbumin-to-Creatinine RatioThe microalbumin-to-creatinine ratio test is most commonly used to screen for kidney problems in teens with diabetes. It may also be used to monitor kidney function in kids and teens who have a kidney disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-mtc-ratio.html/554b1e12-bf11-4df3-a35f-e4ce2aaa9a23
When Your Child Has a Chronic Kidney DiseaseParents of kids who have a chronic kidney disease often worry about what might happen next, how their child feels, and what treatments are likely to be involved. Find answers here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chronic-kidney-disease.html/9edcb2c0-d2af-4fd7-88e9-48c0ff7a2f55
Your KidneysYou need at least one kidney to live. Find out why in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/kidneys.html/e8b731bd-422b-4032-952a-5f2223257f23
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-pathologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pathologyCaring for Your Childhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hearthealth/livingheartcond/a5caa6fd-b063-42fe-933e-6802d2bf0897Diagnostic Tests for Cancerhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/diagnostic-tests/1a4ef2f0-5821-4ec7-936d-351a682df737Managing Health Carehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebralpalsy-center/cp-healthcare/c3441eff-b2e9-402b-a9e4-caa7dd66cae4Medical Tests & Examshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/system/medical/b5327501-2bda-444b-8df1-a1af15af79cbhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/bloodTest-400x760-rd1-enIL.gifhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/heelPrick-339x356-rd1-enIL.gif