Broken Bonesenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/DESIGN-1168_Broken_Bones_esHD_1.jpgMany kids will have a broken bone at some point. Here's what to expect.broken bones, broken bone, fracture, fractures, cast, casts, bone is broken, open fractures, closed fractures, accidents, sports injuries, falls, fall, fell, closed reductions, closed reduction, setting a broken bone, cast room, wrists, forearms, elbows, plaster of paris, fiberglass, synthetic materials, broken skin, compound fracture, bone, bones, buckle, torus, bone bends, how long do broken bones take to heal, greenstick fractures, traction, orthopedist, orthopedics, orthopaedics, orthopedist, orthopaedist, femur, taking care of casts, what can be done to stop itching in casts, brittle bones, osteogenesis imperfecta, operating room, operating on a broken bone, pins for broken bones, broken arm, broken leg, getting a pin, surgery on a broken bone, CD1Orthopedics, CD1Osteogenesis Imperfecta, CD1Sedation, CD1Orthopedics, CD1Osteogenesis Imperfecta, CD1Sedation, CD1Pain Management03/22/200006/26/201809/02/2019Richard W. Kruse, DO and Susan M. Dubowy, PA-C05/10/201898c370ab-7c7b-4b1f-a6c5-d1106a57a8ddhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/<h3>What Is a Broken Bone?</h3> <p>A broken bone, also called a fracture, is when a break goes through part or all of a bone.</p> <h3>How Do Broken Bones Happen?</h3> <p>Most broken bones in kids happen from a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/safety-falls.html/">fall</a>. An accident or sports also can lead to broken bones.</p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/broken-bones-sheet.html/"><img class="right" title="Broken Bones Instruction Sheet" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-bonesInstruction-enBT.gif" alt="Broken Bones Instruction Sheet" name="3402-P_BONESINSTRUCTION_ENBT.GIF" /></a></p> <h3>What Are the Kinds of Broken Bones?</h3> <p>Types of bone fractures include:</p> <ul> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-greenstick.html/">Greenstick fracture</a>:</strong> a break on one side of the bone only</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-buckle.html/">Buckle or torus fracture</a>:</strong> an outward bend on one side of the bone without breaking the other side</li> <li><strong>Avulsion fracture:</strong> when a tendon or ligament pulls off of a tiny piece of bone</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/">Growth plate</a> fracture:</strong> a break in the area of a child or teen's growing bone</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress-fractures.html/">Stress fracture</a>:</strong> a tiny crack in the bone</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-comminuted.html/"><strong>Comminuted</strong> </a><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-comminuted.html/">fracture</a>:</strong> a bone breaks into more than two pieces</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spine-fractures.html/"><strong>Compression fracture</strong></a>: a collapsing of the bone</li> </ul> <h3>What Are the Signs &amp; Symptoms of a Broken Bone?</h3> <p>The signs of a fracture depend on the type of break and the bone affected. It always hurts to break a bone. There also might be swelling and bruising. The injured area may be hard to move and use.</p> <p>Sometimes there is a deformity — this means that the body part looks crooked or different than it did before the injury.</p> <h3>How Are Broken Bones Diagnosed?</h3> <p>Doctors order X-rays if they think a bone is broken. An X-ray usually can show if there is a break, where it is, and the type of break.</p> <h3>How Are Broken Bones Treated?</h3> <p>Doctors treat most broken bones with a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/casts.html/">cast</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/splints.html/">splint</a>, or brace. This keeps the broken bone from moving while it <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/">heals</a>. Even broken bones that don't line up (called displaced) often will heal straight over time.</p> <p>Sometimes the displaced bones are put back in place before the cast, splint, or brace is put on. This is done through a procedure called a <strong>reduction</strong>. This is also called &quot;setting the bone.&quot;</p> <p>The two types of reductions are:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>A closed reduction.</strong> This is done in the emergency room or operating room, after the child gets medicine to ease the pain. The surgeon moves the bones back into the right position. No incision (cut) is needed.</li> <li><strong>An open reduction.</strong> This surgery is done for a more complicated injury. It happens in the operating room under <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anesthesia-types.html/">general anesthesia</a>. The surgeon makes a cut and moves the bones into the right position. Surgical plates, screws, or wires might keep the bones in place.</li> </ul> <h3>How Do Bones Heal?</h3> <p>In the first few days after a fracture, the body forms a blood clot (or hematoma ) around the broken bone. This protects the bone and delivers the cells needed for healing.</p> <p>Then, an area of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-heal.html/">healing</a> tissue forms around the broken bone. This is called a <strong> callus </strong>. It joins the broken bones together. It's soft at first, then gets harder and stronger over the following weeks.</p> <p>New bone forms in the weeks to months after a break, but full healing can take longer.</p> <div class="rs_skip rs_preserve"> <!-- TinyMCE Fix --> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/kh-slider.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script src="//familysurvey.org/misc/javascript/js_apps/kh-slideshows/howbonesheal-en.js" type="text/javascript"></script> </div> <h3>How Can I Help My Child?</h3> <p>As your child recovers from a broken bone, make sure that he or she:</p> <ul> <li>eats a healthy diet that includes plenty of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/">calcium</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitamin-d.html/">vitamin D</a></li> <li>takes good care of the cast or splint</li> <li>follows the health care provider's directions for rest and/or doing any exercises</li> <li>goes to all follow-up appointments</li> </ul> <h3>Looking Ahead</h3> <p>Broken bones are a common part of childhood. With the right treatment, a broken bone usually heals well. Help your child follow the health care provider's recommendations. After a few months, your child will be back to all the activities he or she did before the injury.</p>
3 Ways to Build Strong BonesWe build almost all our bone density when we're kids and teens. Kids with strong bones have a better chance of avoiding bone weakness later in life. Here's how parents can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strong-bones.html/20c29bc1-aff5-4265-a1e7-160442604f56
Bones, Muscles, and JointsOur bones, muscles, and joints form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bones-muscles-joints.html/d55a922b-e87a-49e0-82ae-0c5a0773cee9
Broken BonesWhat happens when you break a bone?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/broken-bones.html/fe9a644f-2c79-45eb-a47c-144055624af7
Broken Collarbone (Clavicle Fracture)Learn about broken collarbones (or clavicle fractures), a common sports injury in kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/collarbone-fracture.html/ac43bcbe-4a5f-4c2e-8e8b-98578a4bcc30
Buckle FracturesA buckle or torus fracture is a type of broken bone. One side of the bone bends, raising a little buckle, without breaking the other side of the bone. Teens don't usually get this type of fracture.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/fractures-buckle.html/92a651c4-df33-47ae-859e-8b3e0392347e
Buckle Fractures A buckle or torus fracture is a type of broken bone. One side of the bone bends, raising a little buckle, without breaking the other side of the bone.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-buckle.html/27159d0e-57f7-48b0-8fa7-b3a1de16424f
CastsThis article for teens has tips on taking care of a cast so it keeps working as it should.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/casts.html/67cfd3da-36ea-4b8a-bc2d-c887e5da6fcc
Comminuted FracturesA comminuted fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone is broken into more than two pieces.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-comminuted.html/bc389ac1-9368-4a71-a10d-38f75c655dac
Compression Fracture of the SpineA compression fracture of the spine is when the vertebrae (bones that form the spine) collapses. People with weakened bones can get them from a minor fall or with no trauma at all.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spine-fractures.html/01ef053b-9115-420e-974a-d14b1e4a8cb2
First Aid: Broken BonesA broken bone needs emergency medical care. Here's what to do if you think your child just broke a bone.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/broken-bones-sheet.html/421bf2cd-ba6b-4220-a1bb-a52eddb36fc5
Getting an X-ray (Video)You'll get an X-ray if your doctor thinks you might have a broken bone. Find out how X-rays are done in this video for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/video-xray.html/2eab3ac0-5920-4bee-8d0d-a8f818fe6301
Greenstick FracturesA greenstick fracture is a type of broken bone. The bone cracks on one side only, not all the way through the bone. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fractures-greenstick.html/80e641f1-3fb0-4d28-8ca6-d1670b2e63d7
Growth Plate FracturesInjuries to growth plates, which produce new bone tissue and determine the final length and shape of bones in adulthood, must be treated so that bones heal properly.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/ad965323-3a88-46fa-91e6-4e30aea3d9c8
How Broken Bones HealBroken bones have an amazing ability to heal, especially in kids. Here's how.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/broken-bones-heal.html/8ff52422-5705-4b3c-904c-22cbf2c4fc47
How Long Does it Take for a Broken Bone to Heal?How long does a broken bone take to heal? Find out!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/broken-arm.html/1c4247f3-deef-4ce5-a412-f93eb0ac97ad
SplintsA splint is a support device that keeps an injured area from moving. Doctors often use splints to hold bones and joints in place so they can heal after a break.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/splints.html/fe8690a4-f298-4e28-bffa-19b4416dcf10
Stress FracturesA stress fracture is a tiny crack in a bone. They usually happen from repeating the same movement over and over.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress-fractures.html/80a5451d-0a2a-4c84-bf69-5e01cb1afe3a
What Is Collagen?Collagen is a protein in the body that helps make bones strong.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/collagen.html/86567023-6759-4874-adc3-0e47acdb9a2e
What to Expect When Your Cast Comes OffYou probably can't wait to get back to your normal activities, but it takes a while for a limb that's been in a cast to finish healing. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cast-care.html/9d05acc9-c506-4aab-82b7-f1ce4aca55d1
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedSports Injurieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-medicine-center/injuries/d39a4016-156b-42e2-bf20-64657c4f2104Bones & Muscleshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/bones/309954d5-03dd-446c-9d39-3e66eeb99f97Aches, Pains & Injurieshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/general/aches/f7e6c4b8-dcc7-41a1-9dda-82f9ffa232a0https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-bonesInstruction-enBT.gif