A to Z: Zoonosisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn more about diseases, infections, and conditions transmitted to humans from animals.zoonosis, zoonoses, zoonotic infections, West Nile fever, malaria, hantavirus, rabies, salmonella, animals, viral infections, bacterial infections, parasites, fungal infections, ticks, mosquitoes, food preparation safety11/26/201204/15/201909/02/20197ccf5a95-d9d1-442c-804c-44062c283904https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-zoonosis.html/<p>Zoonosis (zo-OH-no-sis) means a disease that people can get from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-infections.html/">animals</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>There are more than&nbsp;200 different kinds of zoonoses (plural of zoonosis) caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and other things. People can get zoonoses from animals in a number of different ways. For example, animal bites can cause rabies, contaminated food can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/">salmonella</a>, mouse droppings can cause hantavirus, ticks can spread <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lyme.html/">Lyme disease</a>, and mosquito bites can lead to diseases like malaria or West Nile virus.</p> <p>Some zoonoses can be very dangerous to humans, but many cause only mild symptoms. Treatment for zoonoses depends on the disease and can range from rest and hydration to <a class="kh_anchor">surgery</a> (if there are complications) and an extended stay in the hospital.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many zoonoses can be prevented by following rules for safe food preparation, drinking only bottled or treated water, washing hands after touching animals, keeping pets healthy and up to date on their shots, following precautions to prevent mosquito or tick bites and staying away from wild animals.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Cat Scratch DiseaseCat scratch disease is an infection that causes swelling of the lymph nodes after a cat scratch or bite. Learn about signs and symptoms, prevention, treatment, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cat-scratch.html/221b1239-1e24-4fe5-be04-8247c6d1d5b5
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Infections That Pets CarryKids can benefit from the companionship, affection, and relationships they share with pets. But it's important to know how to protect your family from infections carried by pets and other animals.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-infections.html/61a65ff3-292c-442e-86ed-364290e0442f
RabiesRabies is a serious infection of the nervous system that is caused by a virus. Rabies is usually transmitted by a bite from an infected animal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rabies.html/efa96dca-2962-4ba2-9b04-dd785646f81f
Rocky Mountain Spotted FeverRocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a disease caused by a bacteria that is carried by certain types of ticks. Learn about the signs and symptoms of RMSF and tips for preventing infection in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/rocky-mountain.html/d58c1ada-a37c-4a27-a1e8-dbb16646e278
SalmonellosisSalmonellosis is an illness caused by a bacteria found in raw food, soil, water and the bowel movements of some animals, including reptiles. Find out how to prevent this illness.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/salmonellosis.html/df451bd6-869b-4f33-9613-363ce4dcd383
Staying Safe Around AnimalsDo you love animals? Lots of kids do. Find out how to stay safe around them in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/animals.html/56a74c36-796e-42a5-ab07-e63a6e651280
ToxocariasisToxocara are common parasites of dogs and cats. When they infect humans, the illness is called toxocariasis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toxocariasis.html/fb3636eb-a413-4000-b6f8-e48d41c54317
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d