A to Z: Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about congenital heart defects and conditions that affect the heart and circulatory system.Ventricular septal defect, VSD, interventricular septal defect, heart, ventricles, circulatory system, blood, ventricular septum, congenital heart defects, atria, lungs, aorta, pulmonary artery, heart failure, cardiac surgery, cardiac catheterization08/14/201303/18/201909/02/20193ad326ef-68da-4f65-9e49-e736a7e3e346https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-vsd.html/<p><em>May also be called: VSD</em></p> <p>A <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vsd.html/">ventricular septal defect (VSD)</a> &mdash; sometimes referred to as a hole in the heart &mdash; is a type of <a class="kh_anchor">congenital heart defect</a> in which there is an abnormal opening in the dividing wall between the main pumping chambers of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a> (the ventricles).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The heart has four chambers: The two lower pumping chambers (the ventricles) and the two upper filling chambers (the atria). The right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs to be enriched with oxygen, and the left ventricle pumps oxygen-rich blood out to the rest of the body. The two ventricles are separated by a shared wall, called the ventricular septum. Kids with a VSD are born with an opening in this wall that allows oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood to mix. The blood flowing through the hole creates an extra noise, known as a heart murmur, that can be heard when a doctor listens to the heart with a stethoscope.</p> <p>Treatment for a VSD depends on the child's age and the size, location, and severity of the defect. Often, small defects cause no symptoms and may eventually close on their own. Medium to large VSDs can cause babies to breathe rapidly; gain weight slowly; and sweat, cry, or get tired while attempting to feed. These signs generally indicate that the VSD will not close by itself, and cardiac surgery may be needed to repair the defect.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>In most kids, a small defect will close on its own. A medium to large VSD that's not treated can lead to heart failure, but VSDs can be repaired through surgery or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cardiac-catheter.html/">cardiac catheterization</a>. After healing from an operation to repair the defect, a child with a VSD should have no further symptoms or problems.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Atrial Septal DefectAtrial septal defect, or ASD, is a heart defect that some people are born with. Most ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully with few or no complications.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/asd.html/109626e5-a3cb-4cba-a44d-947c86de3a81
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)Atrial septal defect (ASD) — also known as a "hole in the heart" — is a type of congenital heart defect. Most ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/asd.html/2853e7be-1368-420f-bc8d-134350949604
Congenital Heart DefectsHeart defects happen when there's a problem with a baby's heart development during pregnancy. Most heart defects can be treated during infancy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/if-heart-defect.html/3dd23fa7-906f-4df9-8638-7400b77bed42
Heart MurmursHeart murmurs are very common, and most are no cause for concern and won't affect a child's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/murmurs.html/9e6ab8dd-2a20-40ab-8625-3e956311e737
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that connects two major arteries before birth and normally closes after a baby is born. If it stays open, the result is a condition called patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/patent-ductus-arteriosus.html/1220a363-ed10-4541-94c6-ecb923902cd8
The HeartYour heart beats and sends oxygen throughout your entire body. Find out how it works and how heart problems can be fixed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/center/heart-center.html/d4cb468c-ba42-454a-94bf-4173f8e15a69
Ventricular Septal DefectVentricular septal defect, or VSD, is a heart condition that a few teens can have. Find out what it is, how it happens, and what doctors do to correct it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vsd.html/840c44ec-78bd-4e55-ae74-37dcf68a1407
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)Ventricular septal defect (VSD) — also known as a "hole in the heart" — is a congenital heart defect. Most VSDs are diagnosed and treated successfully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vsd.html/21135699-6b44-43bd-96b1-618186631849
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-cardiologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyCardiology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-cardio/04be85fa-f4f5-44c2-a321-21821f326c6aVhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/v/764e8c27-b324-43dd-b4fe-51d05d921cee