A to Z: Vitiligoenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgVitiligo is a loss of skin pigment that causes white spots or patches to appear on the skin.vitiligo, skin, pigment, color, discolor, white, patches, spots, melanin, melanocytes, immune system, skin problems, white skin, white areas of skin, no melanin, melanin, skin color11/06/201304/12/201909/02/20198e745697-3691-4816-b2c7-ba2550e97003https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-vitiligo.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitiligo.html/">Vitiligo</a> (vih-tih-LYE-go) is a loss of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a> pigment that causes white spots or patches to appear on the skin. It's not medically dangerous, but it can affect a person's appearance.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Melanocytes are a type of skin cell that produces melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color and helps protect it from the sun. Although the cause of vitiligo is not clear, it might be that the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> mistakenly attacks healthy melanocytes. They suddenly stop producing melanin, and light or white patches appear on the skin. These patches can burn and blister easily if the person&nbsp;goes outdoors without sunscreen.</p> <p>Vitiligo varies from person to person. Someone may have just a few spots in one area or many spots on one or both sides of the body. The patches may grow bigger over time. Pigment cells are also found in the hair, genital area, ears, and eyes, so sometimes vitiligo also involves these parts of the body.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Vitiligo is not contagious and doesn't cause health problems. It appears to run in families, and millions of people worldwide have the condition. Vitiligo can start at any age, but about half of the time it shows up before 20 years of age. It affects people of all races, but the spots are easier to see on those with darker skin.</p> <p>The most common treatments for vitiligo are prescription creams or light treatments (which are done in the doctor's office). These treatments may help bring color back to the skin.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
EczemaEverybody has dry skin once in a while, but eczema is more than just that. If your skin is dry, itchy, red, sore, and scaly, you may have eczema. Learn more about this uncomfortable condition and what you can to do stop itching!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/eczema.html/95bd5d11-4ca3-401a-848b-27cbaeb78cee
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)Eczema can be an itchy nuisance and cause scratching that makes the problem worse. Many kids who have eczema today will be over it by the time they're teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.html/085769a4-1f01-4f26-9de9-24cb82c71c30
ImpetigoImpetigo is a contagious skin infection that causes blisters or sores on the face, neck, hands, and diaper area. Learn how this common problem is treated and what can help prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/impetigo.html/297861be-b655-4f42-ab01-28f80fbc8cd2
RingwormRingworm isn't a worm at all - it's the name for a type of fungal skin infection. The good news is that ringworm is easy to treat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ringworm.html/3b8e50e5-000d-43f4-bffa-88f82d52b707
Skin, Hair, and NailsOur skin protects the network of tissues, muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels, and everything else inside our bodies. Hair and nails are actually modified types of skin.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/skin-hair-nails.html/50f3231c-11b4-4eb7-9501-d92f6a6b960d
VitiligoWhile vitiligo might make your child self-conscious, this skin condition is not medically dangerous. Kids with vitiligo are as healthy as other kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vitiligo.html/d0039db4-eb53-4ebd-a628-c8109939e34b
Your SkinNo matter how you think of it, your skin is very important. It covers and protects everything inside your body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/skin.html/deaf6875-ead5-4bf2-b19c-2c7c3baec96d