A to Z: Viral Exanthemenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about viral infections and causes of skin rashes.Viral exanthemata, viral exanthems, exanthema, exanthem, exanthems, measles, chickenpox, rubella, German measles, mononucleosis, herpes, viral infection, virus, skin rash, skin eruption, roseola infantum, roseola06/12/201304/12/201909/02/20190413a098-cce9-41ac-a35e-ad1600f0cdf2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-viral-exanthem.html/<p>Viral exanthems (eg-ZAN-them) are skin rashes or eruptions caused by <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/infections/">infections</a> with certain types of viruses.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>An exanthem is a rash or eruption on the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a>. "Viral" means that the rash or eruption is a symptom of an infection due to a virus.</p> <p>Viral exanthems can be caused by many viruses, such as enteroviruses, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenovirus.html/">adenovirus</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chicken-pox.html/">chickenpox</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/measles.html/">measles</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/german-measles.html/">rubella</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mono.html/">mononucleosis</a>, and certain types of herpes infection. Viral exanthems are very common and can vary in appearance. Most cause red or pink spots on the skin over large parts of the body. Often, these&nbsp;don't itch, but some types can cause blisters and be very itchy.</p> <p>Many of the infections that cause viral exanthems also can cause fever, headaches, sore throat, and fatigue. Most will run their course in a few days or a couple of weeks and will clear up without treatment.</p> <p>Viral infections can be highly contagious, though, so anyone with a viral exanthem should avoid close contact with others until the rash is gone.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Viral exanthems and the infections that cause them usually aren't treatable, but they almost always clear up quickly on their own with no long-term problems. Some serious bacterial infections also cause rashes, so it's important for the doctor to evaluate an exanthem. Getting the proper <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vaccine.html/">immunizations</a> can greatly reduce someone's risk of many viral and bacterial infections.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z Symptom: Sore ThroatA sore throat can be caused by many things, from viral and bacterial infections to seasonal allergies and gastroesophageal reflux.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-symptoms-sore-throat.html/1b29ea87-1eb3-49b8-9895-c53bf0b2a43f
A to Z: Hand, Foot, and Mouth DiseaseHand, Foot, and Mouth disease is a common contagious illness caused by viruses from the enterovirus family, most commonly the coxsackievirus.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hfm.html/90eb44cb-173c-422b-89e4-f592e8379c8e
A to Z: Viral InfectionA viral infection is a an infection caused by a virus (a type of germ).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-viral.html/008cb133-9a6e-4b42-aff4-4d10a23708f5
Coxsackievirus InfectionsCoxsackievirus infections can spread from person to person. In most cases, the viruses cause mild flu-like symptoms, but can lead to more serious infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coxsackie.html/185944f5-ec45-432d-8542-ae1cc902a4b0
Fifth DiseaseEspecially common in kids between the ages of 5 and 15, fifth disease is a viral illness that produces a distinctive red rash on the face, body, arms, and legs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fifth.html/080f20dd-04cd-42e2-8859-7cf7a61dadcf
Hand, Foot, and Mouth DiseaseHand, foot, and mouth disease (HFM) is a common viral infection that causes painful red blisters in the mouth and throat, and on the hands, feet, and diaper area. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hfm.html/91a76605-dfdc-40fb-aafe-707d3763cf98
ImmunizationsMissing out on shots puts you at more serious risk than you might think. That one little "ouch" moment protects you from some major health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/immunizations.html/43c9c971-c202-4a84-af31-70a2a42c3a36
MeningitisYou may be wondering what the deal is with meningitis because you've heard frightening stuff about meningitis outbreaks in the news.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/meningitis.html/810ea9e2-c86a-4d28-a819-e48f10e7de35
Molluscum ContagiosumMolluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection. For most children, the rash isn't a big deal and goes away on its own over time.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/molluscum-contagiosum.html/70f00e02-9c41-4dec-a9e5-cc4bfd10752e
RashesLearn about rashes in a flash. Check out our article just for kids!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/rashes.html/93106f15-27f0-427c-8e51-130efc8cb8c4
RoseolaRoseola is a viral illness that usually affects kids between 6 months and 3 years old. Learn its signs and symptoms when to call the doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/roseola.html/be7c8296-6491-40f5-9981-a456fdebada9
Scarlet FeverScarlet fever is an illness caused by a strep infection. It causes a red, bumpy rash that spreads over most of the body, and is treated with antibiotics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html/0efc7920-0a3c-4f87-bf52-408d7ffafa0d
What Makes Chickenpox Itch?Chickenpox can make you itch like crazy. Find out why in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/chicken-pox-itch.html/e0b1d155-d154-4f15-b818-6fdc807985d6