A to Z: Varicocele (Scrotal Varices)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgA varicocele is an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum.Varicocele, scrotal varices, scrotal varicose veins, varices, blood, spermatic cord, testicles, scrotum, veins, arteries, blood vessels, puberty, sperm, sperm production, infertility09/06/201304/12/201909/02/2019f080ee11-d129-43dd-b48a-703d381d30b0https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-varices-scrotal.html/<p><em>May also be called: Scrotal Varices; Scrotal Varicose Veins</em></p> <p>A varicocele (VAR-uh-ko-seel) is an enlargement of the veins in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/male-reproductive.html/">scrotum</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>In all males, there's a structure &nbsp;called the spermatic cord that contains arteries, veins, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">nerves</a>, and tubes. It is connected to&nbsp;and circulates <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">blood</a> to and from the testicles. Veins in the spermatic cord carry blood from the testicles back to the heart, and valves in the veins regulate the blood flow and keep blood flowing in the right direction. If the valves fail, some of the blood can flow in reverse. This backed-up blood can collect in pools in the veins, which then causes the veins to stretch and swell, resulting in a varicocele.</p> <p>Varicoceles are fairly common, occurring in about 15% of males 15-25 years old, mostly during puberty. Varicoceles are usually found on the left side of the scrotum. Although it's less common, they can sometimes occur on both sides.</p> <p>Symptoms of a varicocele include discomfort in the testicle, a feeling of heaviness or dragging in the scrotum, and dilated veins in the scrotum that can feel like worms or spaghetti.</p> <p>Varicoceles are generally harmless, but some experts believe that occasionally they might damage the testicle or decrease sperm production. In those cases, a doctor will probably recommend surgery to treat the problem.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Most varicoceles don't require treatment and cause no symptoms. When treatment is recommended, it's usually successful at increasing sperm production and preventing further damage to the testicle.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
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A to Z: Scrotal Pain, AcuteA variety of things can cause pain in the scrotum (also called scrotal pain), the pouch-like structure at the base of a boy's penis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-scrotal-pain.html/b73ba9d0-8cc3-4f92-8d82-634174ce8d60
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Testicular ExamsIf you're a guy, you may be wondering why the doctor needs to do a testicular exam. Find out in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/testicles.html/a2ed6b51-ca2d-49d2-bd62-91a97cce1928
Ultrasound: ScrotumDoctors order a scrotal ultrasound when they're concerned about symptoms such as scrotal pain or swelling.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ultrasound-scrotal.html/aa69b36d-84f5-4bc3-b7b3-0a08fc28d05c
VaricoceleA varicocele is an enlargement of the veins in the scrotum. Although there is no way to prevent a varicocele, it usually needs no special treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/varicocele.html/102c678d-6e44-46bc-a9a6-f093f3118f80
What Should I Do About Lumps in My Testicles?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/lumps-testicles.html/7decaa41-8ab8-4850-97d3-22bac0eac254
Why Does the Doctor Have to Examine My Testicles?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/expert-testicles.html/def2d3f9-24fb-42ba-bfae-d2122e855af0
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