A to Z: Transplant, Bone Marrowenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-KH-AZ-Dictionary-enHD.jpgLearn more about this medical procedure in which damaged stem cells in the blood are replaced with healthy stem cells.Bone marrow transplant, stem cell transplant, hematopoietic stem cell transplant, blood cells, red blood cells, RBCs, white blood cells, platelets, stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, blood, bone marrow, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, blood disorders, immune system diseases, bone marrow syndromes, cancer, autologous transplant, allogeneic transplant06/08/201504/12/201909/02/2019fbeb794b-eab9-4fcf-9725-d62a934f6b18https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-transplant-marrow.html/<p><em>May also be called: Stem Cell Transplant&nbsp;</em></p> <p>A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure that replaces damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Stem cells are cells in the body that have the potential to turn into any kind of cell, such as a skin cell, a liver cell, a brain cell, or a blood cell. Stem cells that turn into blood cells are called hematopoietic (hee-mat-oh-poy-EH-tik) stem cells. These cells can develop into red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infection, or platelets that help blood to clot. Hematopoietic stem cells can be found in bone marrow (the spongy tissue inside bones), the bloodstream, or the umbilical cord blood of newborn babies.</p> <p>A bone marrow transplant (sometimes called a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stem-cells.html/">stem cell transplant</a>) can re-supply a person's healthy hematopoietic stem cells after they&rsquo;ve been used up. Bone marrow transplants are used to treat a wide range of diseases, including cancers like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/">leukemia</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-lymphoma.html/">lymphoma</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neuroblastoma.html/">neuroblastoma</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wilms.html/">Wilms tumor</a>, and some testicular or ovarian cancers; blood disorders; immune system diseases; and bone marrow syndromes.</p> <p>Transplanted hematopoietic stem cells are put into the bloodstream through an intravenous (IV) line, much like a blood transfusion. Once in the body, they can produce healthy new blood and immune system cells.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Bone marrow transplantation is a very complex process that may take several months. How well someone does after a transplant depends on many factors, including the type of transplant, how well the donor cells match, and the patient&rsquo;s age and overall health. After a successful transplant, people usually recover fully within a year.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
BloodHere are the basics about the life-sustaining fluid called blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/79380405-c704-478c-a739-1d19c414015b
Childhood CancerDifferent kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/fb37fd75-d961-43c2-b963-ef6f60486038
Cord Blood BankingShould you bank your newborn's cord blood? This article can help you decide.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cord-blood.html/e0639a20-b8ba-4892-b03b-58f1c2d98efb
LeukemiaLeukemia refers to cancers of the white blood cells. With the proper treatment, the outlook for kids with leukemia is quite good.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-leukemia.html/d78fde51-319d-4c82-9476-e1e16f31c187
LymphomaLymphoma is cancer that begins in the body's lymphatic tissue. It's a common type of cancer in children, but most recover from it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-lymphoma.html/0ad821a9-0139-4995-81e6-6c365a632f00
NeuroblastomaLearn about neuroblastoma, a rare type of childhood cancer that develops in infants and young children.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neuroblastoma.html/bee4b21c-7e49-4a5c-ae2c-5aeafafc4187
Stem Cell TransplantsStem cells help rebuild a weakened immune system. Stem cell transplants are effective treatments for a wide range of diseases, including cancer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stem-cells.html/d98ca062-7d31-45ea-ae16-8fc40d54aea7
Wilms TumorWilms tumor is a cancer of the kidneys that usually affects newborns and the very young. Fortunately, most kids with Wilms tumor survive and go on to live normal, healthy lives.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wilms.html/04155d1b-c25f-435e-b430-877088037392