A to Z: Hashimoto's Thyroiditisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgHashimoto's thyroiditis is a chronic (ongoing) condition where the body's immune system attacks the thyroid, a gland in the neck that makes thyroid hormone.thyroid, thyroid disease, thyroid condition, hashimoto, thyroiditis, immune system, chronic condition, growth, sexual development11/06/201304/05/201909/02/2019cd92e6a9-775b-4f87-8e2e-e6ea4e6697f6https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-thryroiditis-hashimoto.html/<p>Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a chronic (ongoing) condition where the body's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> attacks the thyroid, a gland in the neck that makes thyroid hormone.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The thyroid hormone helps the body handle many chemical reactions, controls how the body converts food into energy, and helps direct <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-growth.html/">growth</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/development-foyer.html/">sexual development</a>.</p> <p>In someone with&nbsp;Hashimoto's, often the thyroid must work harder to make thyroid hormone. This, and the inflammation that occurs in the gland, can cause the thyroid to swell, resulting in a goiter.</p> <p>In some cases, the thyroid can't produce enough thyroid hormone. This is called hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include sluggishness, dry skin, feeling cold, constipation, facial puffiness, weight gain, and slowing of growth and sexual development.</p> <p>In rare cases, the immune system of someone with Hashimoto's thyroiditis can cause inflammation in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">brain and nervous system</a>. Symptoms can include strange behavior, confusion, muscle twitching, and seizures.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Hashimoto's thyroiditis is usually diagnosed by blood tests measuring the levels of thyroid hormone and the presence of antibodies. Hashimoto's is a chronic disorder, although the size of the thyroid and its ability to make thyroid hormone can increase or decrease over months and years.</p> <p>Treatment depends on symptoms and the results of lab tests. Hypothyroidism and goiters are usually treated with synthetic thyroid hormone taken in pill form. The treatment and dose of medication is guided by regular periodic blood tests and doctor visits. Surgery is sometimes done to treat goiters, especially if the thyroid becomes large enough to cause problems with swallowing.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Blood Test: Thyroid Peroxidase AntibodiesThe thyroid peroxidase antibodies test is primarily used to help diagnose and monitor autoimmune conditions involving the thyroid gland, including Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-peroxidase.html/04fa9666-9d47-4c66-9a18-bdc2dfbbf07f
Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system influences almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies. It is instrumental in regulating mood, growth and development, metabolism, and sexual function, among other things.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/endocrine.html/7572f55a-2090-4b77-b6d1-74740e26934d
Immune SystemThe immune system, composed of special cells, proteins, tissues, and organs that protect against germs and microorganisms, is the body's defense against disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/d5495b69-ecfe-4b16-a87f-a9f5664e71d6
What Are Glands?You've heard of glands, but what are they? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/glands.html/18e35f17-fa0b-4977-b705-dff0c7e529c7
What Is the Thyroid?Do you know just how important the thyroid is? It helps you grow and affects your energy level.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/thyroid.html/8484750c-4f47-4003-aaec-eb0992df2964
Word! HormonesHormones are special chemicals your body makes to help it do certain things - like grow up!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-hormones.html/21a086bd-8f27-409c-b9f7-be607060e2d0
Your Immune SystemThe immune system keeps you healthy. How does it work? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/immune.html/6b9fad76-c866-450e-81d9-1e625343744f