A to Z Symptom: Sore Throatenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZSymptom-enHD-AR1.jpgA sore throat can be caused by many things, from viral and bacterial infections to seasonal allergies and gastroesophageal reflux.sore throat, can't swallow, tonsils, tonsilitis, tonsillitis, strep, strep throat bacterial infections, viruses, viral infections, swollen glands, red throat, adnoids, adenoids, tonsillectomy, antibiotics, mono, scarlet fever, a to z, symptoms, CD1Primary Care01/24/201304/11/201909/02/20191b29ea87-1eb3-49b8-9895-c53bf0b2a43fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-symptoms-sore-throat.html/<p><em>May also be called: Tonsillitis; Strep Throat</em></p> <h3 id="a_More_to_Know">More to Know</h3> <p>A sore throat can be caused by many things, from viral infections (most often, the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/">common cold</a> or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/flu.html/">flu</a>) and bacterial infections (strep throat and some cases of tonsillitis)&nbsp;to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/seasonal-allergies.html/">seasonal allergies</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/">gastroesophageal reflux (GER)</a>.</p> <h3 id="a_More_to_Know">Causes</h3> <p>Many sore throats are due to:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strep-throat.html/">Strep throat</a>, which is a contagious bacterial infection of the throat and tonsils (the fleshy clusters of tissue on both sides of the back of the throat). It also can&nbsp;cause headache and fever.</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsillitis.html/">Tonsillitis</a>, which&nbsp;is usually not serious but can lead to complications, like breathing or swallowing trouble. Most cases are caused by either a virus (such as a common cold virus or Epstein Barr virus, the virus that causes mono) or strep bacteria.</li> </ul> <h4>Treatment</h4> <p>Treatment for a sore throat will depend on what's causing it. Treating an underlying condition (like GER or allergies) can bring relief, as can home care (like gargling with saltwater, running a cool mist humidifier at night, and avoiding irritants like smoke).</p> <p>Strep throat requires medical treatment with antibiotics, which will improve symptoms quickly. Untreated strep throat can lead to complications like rheumatic fever (which can cause permanent heart damage), a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peritonsillar-abscess.html/">peritonsillar abscess</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html/">scarlet fever</a>, or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-diseases-childhood.html/">kidney disease</a>.</p> <p>Treatment for tonsillitis depends on whether it is caused by a virus or by bacteria<em>.</em> Doctors usually will test for&nbsp;strep bacteria with a rapid strep test or a throat culture. Tonsillitis caused by a virus will go away on its own. If it's caused by strep bacteria, the doctor probably will prescribe an antibiotic. If so, it's important to take all of the antibiotic for as long as prescribed&nbsp;to help prevent complications.</p> <p>People with tonsillitis or strep throat can return to activities 24 hours after beginning antibiotic treatment if there's no&nbsp;fever and they're feeling better. If someone is still feeling weak, tired, or achy, staying home for another day or two is recommended.</p> <h3 id="a_Keep_in_Mind">Keep in Mind</h3> <p>To help prevent the spread of strep throat or tonsillitis to others:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Wash hands</a> well and often.</li> <li>Keep eating utensils separate and wash them in hot, soapy water or a dishwasher after each use.</li> <li>Don't share food, drinks, napkins, or towels.</li> <li>Sneeze or cough into a shirtsleeve, not your hands.</li> </ul> <div id="khcontent"> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p> </div>
Adenoids and AdenoidectomiesJust what are adenoids? And why do kids sometimes have to get their adenoids removed? Get the answers here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/adenoids.html/9a3b394f-ae50-49df-a780-7633f5a69b15
Adenoids and AdenoidectomyOften, tonsils and adenoids are surgically removed at the same time. So, what are adenoids exactly?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/adenoids.html/9a0e2a68-7eee-4060-a48a-32c77f93db2f
First Aid: Sore ThroatSore throats are usually caused by viruses. Here's what to do if your child has a sore throat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sore-throat-sheet.html/8e983e67-a2c2-46fe-9310-8f67b2a3e059
Having Your Tonsils Taken OutSometimes tonsils need to be removed, but how is it done? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/tonsils-out.html/fbcf25d4-1b7a-4de4-ad6f-68a911fc2aaf
Peritonsillar AbscessA peritonsillar abscess is an area of pus-filled tissue at the back of the mouth, next to one of the tonsils. Find out how it happens and what to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/peritonsillar-abscess.html/53c0cdfe-b374-4d71-827c-fdd5c5f01133
Strep Test: Throat CultureIs your child having a strep test or a throat culture? Find out how these swab tests are performed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/labtest11.html/6ba312da-1095-40f7-99a4-dd198b7aab12
Strep ThroatStrep throat is a common cause of sore throat in kids and teens. It usually requires treatment with antibiotics, but improves in a few days.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strep-throat.html/4504e91d-3bbd-4d1a-beb8-516fc25df480
TonsillectomyA tonsillectomy is surgery to remove the tonsils. It's one of the most common surgeries kids and teens get. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/60fb67a5-1acd-49af-859d-7a37c9f09bb2
TonsillitisIf your tonsils get infected, it can make your throat feel very sore. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/tonsillitis.html/25e7a13a-51d0-44b7-ad38-224a93eb3a8a
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:clinicalDesignation-otolaryngologyEarNoseThroatkh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsA to Z Symptomshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/symptoms/e90cf391-f467-49f3-82c5-d6176b51bf12Shttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/s/874f4bcb-5051-42ab-a7b5-b37a962efe69