A to Z: Spondylolysisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgSpondylolysis is when there is a defect of a narrow piece of bone in the vertebra.spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, back pain, spinal column, vertebrae, stress fractures, repetitive stress injuries, sports injuries, lumbar vertebrae, spine, backbone10/23/201203/21/201909/02/201972c90818-8d44-4c63-a765-c71820ac62a3https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-spondylolysis.html/<p>Spondylolysis (spon-duh-LOL-uh-sis) is a defect of a narrow piece of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a> (the <em>pars interarticularis</em>) in the vertebra.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The human spine is made up of 33 vertebrae &mdash; nine are&nbsp;fused together to form the tailbone (coccyx), and the other 24 are in the back. The lumbar vertebrae are in the lower back and closest to the tailbone, which is commonly where spondylolysis occurs.</p> <p>Each vertebra has a ring of bone that forms part of the spinal canal. There are two narrow bridges of the ring called the pars interarticulari. Injuries or overuse can cause a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">fracture</a> in this part of the vertebra, which can lead to persistent lower back pain.</p> <p>Spondylolysis is more commonly seen in teens who <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-safety.html/">overtrain</a> in sports that can strain the lower back, like football, weightlifting, gymnastics, and wrestling.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>If it's not allowed to heal properly, spondylolysis can lead to chronic back pain, loss in flexibility, and a painful condition called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-spondylolisthesis.html/">spondylolisthesis</a>, which is when the vertebra slips out of place.</p> <p>Most cases of spondylolysis heal just fine when diagnosed and treated early with rest, proper exercise that does not strain the lower back, and medication to help reduce the swelling.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
KyphosisEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/af13c241-d4fa-45ae-805a-1c88b8048f60
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Lumbar SpineA lumbar spine MRI is a painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the bones, disks, and other structures in the lower back.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mri-lumbar.html/9590ba4f-a832-441e-a171-dd45bb9e042c
Safety Tips: FootballFootball is a lot of fun, but since the name of the game is to hit somebody, injuries are common. To keep things as safe as possible, follow these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-football.html/3ddb9b2e-1926-4cbe-b99e-357b12b9fbb4
Safety Tips: GymnasticsGymnastics is a great sport and a fun way to get a muscular, toned body. But, it also presents a very real risk of injury. To keep things safe during practice and competition, follow these tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/safety-gymnastics.html/e1faaf16-f761-4169-8c88-24e8f1ae217a
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis.html/eb1d36eb-b517-42a5-9d47-7903103cdddc
Sports Medicine CenterGet tips on everything from finding the best sport for your kids to preventing and handling injuries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/sports-center.html/9c890cb1-5179-4d0e-9f3e-c00b34e8469a
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