A to Z: Sickle Cell Traitenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about genetic disorders and diseases and conditions that affect the blood.Sickle cell trait, sicklemia, sickle cell disease, SCD, sickle cell anemia, hemoglobin, red blood cells, RBCs, anemia, jaundice, pain crisis, pain episode, vaso-occlusive crisis, acute chest syndrome, aplastic crisis, splenic sequestration, stroke, hydroxyurea, penicillin, infection, bone marrow transplant11/06/201304/11/201909/02/20195c214ebd-80b2-473d-ae1b-50ab39a5d508https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-sickle-cell-trait.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html/">Sickle cell</a> trait is a condition in which a person has one sickle cell <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">gene</a> and one normal gene that control the production of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells (RBCs) that transports oxygen throughout the body.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Sickle cell disease (also called sickle cell anemia) causes red blood cells to be abnormally shaped. This can result in painful episodes, serious infections, chronic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a>, and damage to body organs. Sickle cell disease is caused by a defect in the genes that affect hemoglobin.</p> <p>Sickle cell disease is an inherited disorder, which means it is passed down by genes from a person's parents. If a child inherits a sickle cell gene from each parent, he or she will have sickle cell disease.</p> <p>However, if a child inherits one sickle cell gene and one normal gene, he or she will have sickle cell trait. People with sickle cell trait don't have sickle cell disease and usually don't show signs of the disorder, but they can pass the gene for the disease to their children.</p> <p>In rare cases, people with sickle cell trait might experience some of the symptoms of sickle cell disease, such as painful episodes. Factors that increase the risk of this happening include dehydration, extreme heat, low oxygen levels in the air, high altitudes, and increased pressure in the atmosphere (such as during scuba diving).</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Most of the time, sickle cell trait requires no treatment. In fact, many people with sickle cell trait don't even know they have it. However, since they can pass the sickle cell gene to their kids, they may want to undergo <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetic-counseling.html/">genetic counseling</a> if they are considering having children.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
My Friend Has Sickle Cell Disease. How Can I Help?People with sickle cell disease need good friends who understand and can help them get through tough times. This article for teens helps you learn what you can do to be that friend.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sickle-cell-friend.html/3902bac8-c613-4e62-bd58-b0398d998664
Prenatal Genetic CounselingGenetic counselors work with people who are either planning to have a baby or are pregnant to determine whether they carry the genes for certain inherited disorders. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/genetic-counseling.html/ce3b2896-0a32-4c87-aa11-b2a7da9d790b
Sickle Cell DiseaseSickle cell disease is a disease of the blood. Red blood cells are shaped like sickles, and can get stuck, especially inside smaller blood vessels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/sickle-cell.html/0801fa81-f59c-4e48-ae8c-ed9aa17ecf23
Sickle Cell Disease Factsheet (for Schools)What teachers should know about sickle cell disease, and how to help students with sickle cell disease succeed in school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-factsheet.html/5fd98ea4-f56c-4116-a9cf-e5e6a8255b99
Transitioning Your Medical Care: Sickle Cell DiseaseAt a certain point, you'll no longer be able to see your childhood doctor. Here are tips for teens on making a smooth switch to adult sickle cell care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-sickle-cell.html/11b5c322-38ad-4c63-855f-58a04318fd8c
What Is a Gene?Why does one kid have green eyes while another kid's eyes are brown? It's all in the genes! Find out how genes work, what happens when there are problems with genes, and more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/what-is-gene.html/94bc3da2-1fa1-4488-8a5c-70e18a4db97a