A to Z: Rectal Prolapseenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about conditions that affect the rectum, anus, and digestive system.Rectal prolapse, rectal procidentia, mucosal prolapse, full-thickness rectal prolapse, partial prolapse, false procidentia, complete prolapse, true procidentia, rectum, anus, digestive system, large intestine, cystic fibrosis, constipation, intraabdominal pressure, diarrhea, bowel movements, vomiting08/14/201304/11/201909/02/2019df1c9405-970d-4a88-a3e5-92ab9a223f59https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-rectal-prolapse.html/<p><em>May also be called: Rectal Procidentia</em></p> <p>Rectal prolapse is a condition in which part of the rectum slips down (prolapses) and protrudes through the anus.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The rectum is the last part of the large intestine. It's where stool (poop)&nbsp;is stored until it leaves the body through the anus as a bowel movement. Certain conditions can cause the rectum to prolapse, which literally means "to fall out of place." When this happens, part of the rectum sticks out through the anus.</p> <p>There are two kinds of rectal prolapse:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>With mucosal prolapse, only the lining (mucosa) of the rectum protrudes through the anus.</li> <li>With complete prolapse, the actual wall of the rectum may protrude out as much as 2 inches (5 centimeters) or more, especially following a bowel movement. Rectal prolapse is usually painless, but it can cause mild discomfort, bleeding, and loss of bowel control.</li> </ol> <p>Causes of rectal prolapse include chronic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/constipation.html/">constipation</a>; diseases that cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>; infection with parasites; <a class="kh_anchor">malnutrition</a>; <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf.html/">cystic fibrosis</a>; and increased pressure in the abdomen from excessive <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vomit.html/">vomiting</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toilet-teaching.html/">toilet training</a>, straining during bowel movements, or prolonged <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-symptoms-cough.html/">coughing</a>.</p> <p>Rectal prolapse most commonly&nbsp;affects young children and the elderly. Treatment usually requires a doctor to gently push the prolapsed rectum back into place, but in some cases, particularly with adults, surgery may be needed to correct the condition.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>A rectal prolapse usually doesn't cause&nbsp;pain, and treating the cause usually cures the prolapse. About 90% of kids under 3 years old who get rectal prolapse can be treated without surgery, and in many of those cases a prolapse won't occur again. Surgery, when necessary, usually is successful.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
ConstipationConstipation is a very common problem that usually happens because a person's diet doesn't include enough fluids and fiber. In most cases, making simple changes can help you feel better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/constipation.html/081f841e-c4c9-493e-a8df-160a60905046
DiarrheaMost kids battle diarrhea from time to time, so it's important to know what to do to relieve and even prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/38efbf41-ac94-4d02-be5d-365f9b03cc12
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Pinworm InfectionsPinworm is an intestinal infection caused by tiny parasitic worms. But pinworms don't cause any harm (just itching), and it won't take long to get rid of them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pinworm.html/405bcbf0-f0e0-4942-a9ae-0f9e1dfa9c6f
PinwormsIt's gross to think about but did you know that tiny worm eggs could be under your fingernails? Learn more about how to protect yourself from getting pinworms.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/pinworm.html/cff6fa7d-8fc3-429a-a5e8-2fa08e6c7b5c
RotavirusRotavirus infection affects most kids and is one of the most common causes of diarrhea. A vaccine to prevent it is now recommended for all kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rotavirus.html/f213231c-41fc-4b8c-9998-4ef4d479d5fa
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Word! DiarrheaIf you've ever had a bad time in the bathroom, then you know what this is.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-diarrhea.html/fe10c223-c3cd-48db-a66d-f00d12890973
Your Digestive SystemThe digestive system breaks down the food you eat. Learn how in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/digestive-system.html/2a59b1c6-c783-4de0-bb89-75a822f14849