A to Z: Psychosisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about symptoms of mental illness and conditions that affect thinking and behavior.Psychosis, mental illness, brain, cognitive function, schizophrenia, depression, major depression, bipolar disorder, manic depression, autism, spectrum disorders, antipsychotic medications, sleep patterns, psychiatric therapy, delusions, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, hallucinations, brain disorders, brain tumors10/11/201304/11/201909/02/2019f9dfeb59-bdab-4ecc-893f-9c027153c5cahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-psychosis.html/<p>Psychosis (sy-KOH-sis) is a condition usually caused by mental illnesses in which a person has a difficult time thinking clearly, behaving appropriately, or understanding what is real and what is not.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Psychosis is not a disorder of its own. It's more like a set of symptoms caused by a mental illness, brain disorder, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/">brain tumor</a>, or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/stress.html/">stress</a>. In some cases, alcohol or drug abuse can also lead to psychosis.</p> <p>Psychotic episodes usually include delusions or hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs not based in reality, and hallucinations are sights or sounds that aren't really there. People with psychosis also may experience disorganized thoughts and speech, social withdrawal and isolation, reduced performance at school or work, and disturbed <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/">sleep</a> patterns.</p> <p>Psychosis often affects people in their late teens or early 20s, a stressful time in terms of social development and educational and work opportunities. A number of mental illnesses can cause psychosis, including schizophrenia, depression, autism, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bipolar.html/">bipolar disorder</a>, and personality disorders.</p> <p>Treatment depends on the condition causing the psychosis, and often includes antipsychotic medications that reduce delusions and hallucinations and help improve thinking and behavior.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many of the conditions that cause psychosis respond well to treatment with medications and therapy. Correcting the underlying condition is typically effective at treating the psychosis as well. Recognizing and treating the signs of psychosis early is the best way to prevent complications.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Bipolar DisorderLearn about depressive disorders, mental illnesses, and conditions that affect moods and the brain.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bipolar.html/46a32e47-b9c0-4e68-8fbb-a15bd885fd9d
A to Z: Mental Disorder, Non-psychoticLearn about types of mental disorders and conditions that affect thinking and behavior.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-mental-nonpsychotic.html/1c57bcf3-221d-48d6-a27a-4d8d0771995d
Autism Spectrum DisorderAutism spectrum disorder affects a child's ability to communicate and learn. Early intervention and treatment can help kids improve skills and do their best.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pervasive-develop-disorders.html/a7b0ca96-5b1f-412c-9da9-80bf22c8bba6
Bipolar DisorderBipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive disorders that affect the way a person's brain functions. Find out more about bipolar disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bipolar.html/4a2e14e8-c372-47a8-bb43-25d7dd9ff2a1
DepressionDepression is very common. For more information about depression and feeling better, check out this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depression.html/313901c9-c72a-4f03-831b-94ab61da2856
Finding Low-Cost Mental Health CareIf you need mental health care but don't think you can afford it, you're not alone. Get tips on finding low-cost or free mental health care in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mhealth-care.html/1d8bc05d-7696-4dda-910b-0d06f3855508
Going to a TherapistWhat's it like to go to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/going-to-therapist.html/98f4f29c-08f9-42ae-84d2-a492759ee506
Postpartum DepressionIt's important for new mothers – and those who love them – to understand the symptoms of postpartum depression and reach out to family, friends, and medical professionals for help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ppd.html/52f73cb1-1d31-49c5-9092-e1fce051d1ed
Sadness and DepressionEveryone is sad once in a while. But depression is a sadness that goes on too long and hurts too much. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/depression.html/f5bae932-e007-4fc5-b712-271e8bdff1ab
Taking Your Child to a TherapistMany children and teens have problems that affect how they feel, act, or learn. Going to therapy helps them cope better, feel better, and do better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/36c31f3c-0467-4e71-8c7e-c6274c9f2c8f
When Depression Is SevereSevere depression can cloud a person's thinking and lead some people to think that life isn't worth living. But severe depression can be treated. Find out what to do and how to get help in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/severe-depression.html/f8a6f7b0-feaf-499d-b2a1-ebdb48a21c3d
Word! DepressionIt's normal to feel sad sometimes, but if you feel that way for a long time, and you never feel happy, it's called depression.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-depression.html/ce7dbc50-c60b-4ef6-a18f-f15a0a5406ad