A to Z: Pituitary Dwarfismenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgPituitary dwarfism is a condition in which the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone, resulting in a child's slow growth pattern and unusually small stature.pituitary dwarfism, growth hormone deficiency, acquired growth hormone deficiency, isolated growth hormone deficiency, congenital growth hormone deficiency, panhypopituitarism, small stature, lymphocyctic hypophysitis, human growth hormone, prominent forehead06/12/201304/11/201909/02/2019902200ed-bb04-4c8b-a3f3-feb45256b728https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-pituitary-dwarfism.html/<p><em>May also be called: Growth Hormone Deficiency</em></p> <p>Pituitary dwarfism, or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-disorder.html/">growth</a> hormone deficiency, is a condition in which the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone. This results in a child's slow growth pattern and an unusually small stature (below average height).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Pituitary gland dysfunction can be congenital, meaning the child was born with the abnormality, or can be acquired during or after <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/">birth</a>. It tends to run in families.</p> <p>Some causes of acquired pituitary dwarfism include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/">brain tumors</a> or diseases that affect the pituitary or hypothalamus, head trauma, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a> for certain cancers, and an autoimmune condition called lymphocytic hypophysitis.</p> <p>The main symptom of pituitary dwarfism is below-average growth, although body proportions will be normal. Other characteristics might include an immature appearance, a chubby body build, a prominent forehead, and an underdeveloped bridge of the nose.</p> <p>If a tumor is present, symptoms may include headaches, vomiting, double vision, sleep disturbances, and excessive thirst.</p> <p>Pituitary dwarfism is treated with regular injections of synthetic human growth hormone before a child's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-plate-injuries.html/">growth plates</a> have joined together. It can be difficult to manage, however, and success rates vary.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Children with pituitary dwarfism have normal intelligence and with early detection and treatment, many of them can also reach a normal height.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
DwarfismA dwarf is a short-statured person whose adult height is 4 feet 10 inches or under. Find out what happens when a person has dwarfism and why some people are born with it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/dwarfism.html/0d97a6fa-3509-4331-9ccd-8c6bd28ff360
Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system influences almost every cell, organ, and function of our bodies. It is instrumental in regulating mood, growth and development, metabolism, and sexual function, among other things.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/endocrine.html/7572f55a-2090-4b77-b6d1-74740e26934d
Growth ProblemsIn most cases, teens who are small are just physically maturing a bit more slowly than their friends. Occasionally, though, there's a medical reason why some kids and teens stop growing. Find out about growth problems and how doctors can help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/growth-hormone.html/439c5515-a0d3-425e-9e5d-4cc0fb91d8b4
What Are Glands?You've heard of glands, but what are they? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/glands.html/18e35f17-fa0b-4977-b705-dff0c7e529c7
What Is a Growth Disorder?The other kids in the class have been getting taller and developing into young adults, but your child's growth seems to be lagging behind. Could a growth disorder be the cause?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/growth-disorder.html/0dfb1120-286a-43bc-92f1-67aff0a94799
Your Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system produces hormones, which are needed for proper body function and growth. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/endocrine.html/e74a807b-43a3-42cf-971a-fcb15443e5e5