A to Z: Peritonitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn more about bacterial infections, problems of the gastrointestinal tract, and complications related to infections and diseases of the abdominal organs.peritonitis, spontaneous peritonitis, secondary peritonitis, appendicitis, abdomen, peritoneum, infections, gastrointestinal tract, stomach ulcer, perforated colon, peritoneal dialysis11/06/201204/11/201909/02/201904faaf3d-bc68-4528-bcaa-354bdde146d7https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-peritonitis.html/<p><em>May also be called: Secondary Peritonitis; Spontaneous Peritonitis</em></p> <p>Peritonitis (pare-uh-tow-NY-tis) is inflammation of the layer of tissue that covers the wall of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">abdomen</a>, as well as most of the organs in the abdomen.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>There are two kinds of peritonitis, spontaneous and secondary:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Spontaneous peritonitis is caused by an infection of fluid in the peritoneum (abdominal cavity), usually related to liver or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-diseases-childhood.html/">kidney disease</a>.</li> <li>Secondary peritonitis happens when bacteria enter the peritoneum and cause an infection. Often this involves a hole (puncture) in the gastrointestinal tract. This can be the result of a ruptured appendix, perforated stomach ulcer, perforated intestines, or abdominal injury.</li> </ul> <p>Untreated peritonitis can allow the infection to spread throughout the body and lead to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sepsis.html/">sepsis</a>. Peritonitis causes symptoms like abdominal pain, a bloated or firm abdomen, fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Peritonitis is a serious, life-threatening&nbsp;condition that requires immediate medical treatment (which may include antibiotics and surgery). In most cases, if the peritonitis and any underlying conditions are diagnosed in their early stages, prompt treatment can lead to a full recovery.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
AppendicitisAppendicitis requires immediate medical attention, so it's important to know its symptoms. The earlier it's caught, the easier it is to treat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/appendicitis.html/fcb8ef1e-0659-4a9d-a042-11f4d283f63e
Kidney DiseaseSometimes, the kidneys can't do their job properly. In teens, kidney disease is usually due to infections, structural issues, glomerulonephritis, or nephrotic syndrome. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/kidney.html/4f21e885-14a9-4b12-a514-66998f93043c
Kidney Diseases in ChildhoodThe kidneys play a critical role in health. When something goes wrong, it could indicate a kidney disease. What are kidney diseases, and how can they be treated?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-diseases-childhood.html/ce75e066-a9e8-498f-97e8-6459154b9748
SepsisSepsis is a serious infection usually caused when bacteria make toxins that cause the immune system to attack the body's own organs and tissues.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sepsis.html/ae008ddb-6b3a-494d-b020-cb6ccbbe8bcb