A to Z: Pericarditisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about complications of infections and conditions that affect the heart.Pericarditis, idiopathic pericarditis, acute pericarditis, chronic pericarditis, chronic effusive pericarditis, chronic constrictive pericarditis, heart, pericardium, pericardial sac, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, heart attack, radiation therapy, viral infection, bacterial infection, fungal infection, heart trauma, heart surgery12/04/201303/18/201909/02/20197529cdbf-016e-4b98-b0e9-ef412e343fb9https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-pericarditis.html/<p>Pericarditis (pair-ih-kar-DY-tis) is swelling and irritation of the sac that surrounds the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a> (the pericardium).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The heart is surrounded by a thin sac called the pericardium that protects and supports the heart and helps it work properly. The pericardium is made of two layers of tissue with a small amount of fluid between them. This fluid keeps the layers from rubbing against each other and causing friction.</p> <p>When someone has pericarditis, the layers of the pericardium swell and can rub against the heart. This can be caused by a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-viral.html/">viral infection</a> or, less commonly, a bacterial or fungal infection. Heart attacks, injuries, heart surgery, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a>, and certain medications can also cause pericarditis. In many cases, however, the cause is never identified. This is known as idiopathic pericarditis.</p> <p>Pericarditis causes chest pain that typically comes on suddenly and may move to the neck, shoulders, back, or arms.</p> <p>Treatment for pericarditis depends on the cause and usually involves medications to decrease pain, reduce swelling, and fight infections. In rare cases, if other treatments don't work and the person has repeated episodes of pericarditis, surgery may be done to remove part or all of the pericardium so the heart can function well.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Idiopathic pericarditis or pericarditis caused by a viral infection will usually clear up on its own within about 2 weeks. Most people with other types of pericarditis make a full recovery if the condition is diagnosed and treated right away.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z Symptom: Chest PainMost causes of chest pain in kids and teens are not serious and will clear up with minimal or no treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-symptoms-chest-pain.html/902b6a93-0282-43e6-ad65-d99969919d80
CostochondritisCostochondritis is a painful swelling of the cartilage that attaches the ribs to the breastbone. It's one of the most common causes of chest pain in kids and teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/costochondritis.html/bdd5a2f4-a292-4128-a8a8-afd4d87106fc
First Aid: Chest PainsChest pain can be caused by many things, but it is rarely a sign of heart trouble in children. Here's what to do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chest-pain-sheet.html/3d736e68-ac0c-4f81-8fe4-7c53a613bb9b
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
Your Heart & Circulatory SystemYour heart is a hard-working muscle. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/heart.html/9730472f-2ef1-413a-92bf-041c533b9564
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-cardiologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyPhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/p/e492181e-6c97-4cd3-8738-cebc1f62bc38Cardiology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-cardio/04be85fa-f4f5-44c2-a321-21821f326c6a