A to Z: Peptic Ulcersenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-KH-AZ-Dictionary-enHD.jpgPeptic ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach or upper part of the small intestine. ulcer, gastric, duodenal, stomach, intestine, lining, sore, sores, bacteria, infection, h. pylori, acid, alcohol, caffeine, smoking03/25/201604/11/201909/02/20191fd67833-2f47-41b9-b1e6-6a9ffde248d3https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-peptic-ulcer.html/<p><em>May also be called: Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer</em></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Peptic ulcers are painful sores in the lining of the stomach or upper part of the small intestine.&nbsp;</span></p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Ulcers happen when something weakens the protective coating inside the stomach or intestine. This lets stomach acid and bacteria get through to the sensitive lining, causing irritation and ulcers. Stomach pain below the breastbone is the most common symptom of an ulcer.&nbsp;</p> <p>The two most common causes of peptic ulcers are:</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">infection with the bacteria called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/h-pylori.html/"><em>Helicobacter pylori</em></a> (or <em>H. pylori</em>)&nbsp;</span></li> <li><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">use of pain reliever medicines like aspirin or ibuprofen&nbsp;</span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Other medicines and serious illnesses also&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height: 16.8px;">can</span><span style="line-height: 16.8px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">cause ulcers. </span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">Doctors treat ulcers based on what caused them. If bacteria are the problem, doctors prescribe antibiotics. If medicines are the cause, doctors might stop or change the medicine. Doctors will also give people medicines to reduce acid in the stomach.</span></p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Alcohol and smoking can aggravate an ulcer. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/child-caffeine.html/">Caffeine</a> can cause the stomach to release more acid, making an ulcer worse. Unless a particular food is bothersome, most doctors don't recommend dietary restrictions.&nbsp;</p> <p><em><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.4em;">All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</span></em></p>
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Helicobacter pyloriH. pylori bacteria can cause digestive illnesses, including gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/h-pylori.html/de8ded73-3d39-47b3-a1ba-9404b2011122
Peptic UlcersMany people think that spicy foods cause ulcers, but the truth is that bacteria are the main culprit. Learn more about peptic ulcers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/peptic-ulcers.html/d1fea5a9-4989-42dc-b240-dfd8be814e0d
UlcersDoctors once thought that stress, spicy foods, and alcohol caused most stomach ulcers. But ulcers are actually caused by a particular bacterial infection, by certain medications, or from smoking. Read all about ulcers.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ulcers.html/cd11f639-3444-47e4-ad4f-e614479a4f6a