A to Z: Osteomyelitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about bacterial infections and conditions that can affect bones.Osteomyelitis, hematogenous osteomyelitis, Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria, infection, bone infections, germs, broken bones, atherosclerosis, diabetes, fever, chills, nausea, malaise, debridement, antibiotics08/14/201304/10/201909/02/2019773e58e3-e82b-480d-a618-e363a1d163f4https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-osteomyelitis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteomyelitis.html/">Osteomyelitis</a> (os-tee-oh-my-uh-LY-tis) is when a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a> &nbsp;becomes infected, usually due to bacteria entering the body's tissues through an open wound.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Osteomyelitis is most commonly caused by the bacterium <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/"><em>Staphylococcus aureus</em></a>, but other bacteria can cause it, too. Germs usually enter the body's tissues through an open wound (often a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">broken bone</a> that breaks the skin), but also can travel to a bone through the bloodstream from another infected area in the body (this is called hematogenous osteomyelitis).</p> <p>Bones also can become infected when the blood supply to them is disrupted. This sort of infection usually happens in the toes or feet; osteomyelitis from other causes usually affects the long bones of the arms and legs.</p> <p>Osteomyelitis can cause severe pain in the infected bone, fever, chills, nausea, and a general ill feeling. The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a> above the infected bone may become sore, red, and swollen. Osteomyelitis can get worse quickly and lead to serious complications if not treated.</p> <p>Treatment for osteomyelitis depends on the severity of the infection, but usually involves intravenous (IV)&nbsp;antibiotic medications. For more severe infections, treatment might include&nbsp;a procedure (called debridement)&nbsp;in which a doctor cleans the wound, removes dead tissue, and drains pus from the bone so that it can heal properly.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>With early diagnosis and proper treatment, osteomyelitis usually heals completely with no long-term complications. To help prevent&nbsp;osteomyelitis, clean fresh wounds thoroughly with soap and water and keep them clean afterward with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. Applying an over-the-counter antibiotic cream also can help prevent wound infection.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
CellulitisCellulitis is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue just below the skin's surface. It can affect any part of the body, but it's most common on exposed areas, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cellulitis.html/11d03e5b-f1ac-42bc-95b9-8ed4436e5326
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
OsteomyelitisSometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection called osteomyelitis. The easiest way to protect yourself is to practice good hygiene.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osteomyelitis.html/018fa95e-9847-44f8-8128-15ce46ab062b
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Wound Drainage CultureDoctors order wound drainage cultures when they suspect wounds are infected.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wound-culture.html/bbce2001-ae3d-4a2c-bda5-45a15e1ecbf0
Wound Healing and CareHow well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it – as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/8698279b-71fb-496e-a138-9564f07e71f2
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalPediatricsOhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/o/b2d013ce-22c0-46dc-86ab-548a92a2de71