A to Z: Osteomyelitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about bacterial infections and conditions that can affect bones.Osteomyelitis, hematogenous osteomyelitis, Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria, infection, bone infections, germs, broken bones, atherosclerosis, diabetes, fever, chills, nausea, malaise, debridement, antibiotics08/14/201304/10/201909/02/2019773e58e3-e82b-480d-a618-e363a1d163f4https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-osteomyelitis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/osteomyelitis.html/">Osteomyelitis</a> (os-tee-oh-my-uh-LY-tis) is when a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a> &nbsp;becomes infected, usually due to bacteria entering the body's tissues through an open wound.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Osteomyelitis is most commonly caused by the bacterium <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/"><em>Staphylococcus aureus</em></a>, but other bacteria can cause it, too. Germs usually enter the body's tissues through an open wound (often a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/">broken bone</a> that breaks the skin), but also can travel to a bone through the bloodstream from another infected area in the body (this is called hematogenous osteomyelitis).</p> <p>Bones also can become infected when the blood supply to them is disrupted. This sort of infection usually happens in the toes or feet; osteomyelitis from other causes usually affects the long bones of the arms and legs.</p> <p>Osteomyelitis can cause severe pain in the infected bone, fever, chills, nausea, and a general ill feeling. The <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/skin-hair-nails.html/">skin</a> above the infected bone may become sore, red, and swollen. Osteomyelitis can get worse quickly and lead to serious complications if not treated.</p> <p>Treatment for osteomyelitis depends on the severity of the infection, but usually involves intravenous (IV)&nbsp;antibiotic medications. For more severe infections, treatment might include&nbsp;a procedure (called debridement)&nbsp;in which a doctor cleans the wound, removes dead tissue, and drains pus from the bone so that it can heal properly.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>With early diagnosis and proper treatment, osteomyelitis usually heals completely with no long-term complications. To help prevent&nbsp;osteomyelitis, clean fresh wounds thoroughly with soap and water and keep them clean afterward with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. Applying an over-the-counter antibiotic cream also can help prevent wound infection.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
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Wound Healing and CareHow well a wound heals depends on where it is on the body and what caused it – as well as how well someone cares for the wound at home. Find out what to do in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/wounds.html/8698279b-71fb-496e-a138-9564f07e71f2