A to Z: Osteodystrophyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about complications of kidney and liver disease and conditions that affect bone development.Osteodystrophy, renal osteodystrophy, hepatic osteodystrophy, osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa, osteomalacia, rickets, kidney disease, liver disease, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, skeletal deformities, knock-knees, bowlegs, calcium phosphate, bones, bone development09/06/201304/10/201909/02/2019df8ff84b-fcb7-47c7-b066-c8986dd26996https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-osteodystrophy.html/<p>Osteodystrophy (os-tee-oh-DIS-truh-fee) is a general term for defective or abnormal <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bone</a> development.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Bones are mostly made of a protein called collagen and a substance called calcium phosphate. This is why <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/calcium.html/">calcium</a> is important for building and maintaining strong bones. But a number of conditions can affect the way a person's body breaks down and uses minerals like calcium and phosphorus to build bones. This can cause bones to form abnormally or break down too quickly.</p> <p>Osteodystrophy is usually a complication of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidney-diseases-childhood.html/">kidney disease</a>. In these cases, it is called renal osteodystrophy. Renal osteodystrophy can cause skeletal deformities, slowed growth, bone and muscle pain, knock-knees, and bowlegs. Sometimes liver disease can also cause osteodystrophy in a condition called hepatic osteodystrophy.</p> <p>Osteodystrophy is commonly associated with conditions like osteoporosis (decreased bone strength), osteitis fibrosa (soft, deformed bones), and osteomalacia (softening and weakening of bones due to a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate). Osteomalacia in children is called rickets.</p> <p>Treatment for osteodystrophy involves treating the condition that is affecting bone development and treating any symptoms as they appear.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many of the conditions that cause osteodystrophy respond well to treatment with medications, supplements, and changes in diet.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Genu ValgumLearn about common childhood orthopedic conditions and conditions that affect the legs and knees.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-genu-valgum.html/1e2700d7-936c-4f16-a332-dd7b5b376806
A to Z: Genu VarumLearn about common childhood orthopedic conditions and conditions that affect the legs and knees.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-genu-varum.html/6512d42f-224c-4fe6-bd67-14d011aea1bd
A to Z: OsteoporosisMostly affecting older people, osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the bones, causing them to become brittle and easily fractured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-osteoporosis.html/ebd73412-f119-4370-bcdb-a4fd48185aa9
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
CalciumYour parents were right to make you drink milk when you were little. It's loaded with calcium, a mineral vital for building strong bones and teeth.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/calcium.html/1b14aeb9-cdea-43db-8e5d-820de04a98a4
Common Childhood Orthopedic ConditionsFlatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees. Lots of kids have these common orthopedic conditions, but are they medical problems that can and should be corrected?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/common-ortho.html/aad934f7-72ee-4997-a9e7-9a61a0b4332e
MineralsJust like vitamins, minerals help your body grow, develop, and stay healthy. Find out more about minerals in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/minerals.html/bc051eed-fcf1-4b88-9b3f-d2c6aa044702
Vitamins and MineralsVitamins and minerals are nutrients that the body needs to work properly. They boost the immune system, promote normal growth and development, and help cells and organs do their jobs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vitamins-minerals.html/7db5e5be-3935-4119-b49b-bb2e8a5ba349
Your BonesWhere would you be without your bones? Learn more about the skeletal system in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/bones.html/ba77b482-c6eb-47da-90a4-3cb148f38f4d
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-developmentalMedicinekh:clinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedkh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-orthopedicsNonSportsMedOhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/o/b2d013ce-22c0-46dc-86ab-548a92a2de71Orthopedics A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-ortho/9fdd6bbc-254a-4dff-be33-c4c6c66c3f6e