A to Z: Obstructive Sleep Apneaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-KH-AZ-Dictionary-enHD.jpgLearn about this common sleep disorder, where a blockage of the airway during sleep can cause someone to temporarily stop breathing.Obstructive sleep apnea, sleep apnea, OSA, obstructive apnea, sleep apnea syndrome, sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome, sleep disordered breathing, sleep disorders, tonsils, adenoids, adenotonsillectomy, restless sleep, labored breathing, continuous positive airway pressure, CPAP, respiratory system, snoring06/08/201504/10/201909/02/2019dd64a491-2d47-40fb-9829-1423e4964c81https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-osa.html/<p><em>May also be called: OSA, Obstructive Apnea</em></p> <p>Obstructive Sleep Apnea (AP-nee-uh) is a sleep disorder that causes a person to stop breathing temporarily during sleep.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>During sleep, everyone has brief pauses in their breathing pattern called apneas. Usually this is completely normal. Sometimes, though, apneas may be be longer and happen often, making breathing irregular and abnormal. There are three types of apnea: <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/">obstructive</a>, central, and mixed. Obstructive apnea is caused by an obstruction of the airway (such as enlarged <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/">tonsils</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenoids.html/">adenoids</a>). This is most likely to happen during sleep because that&rsquo;s when the soft tissue at the back of the throat is most relaxed.</p> <p>The most common symptom of obstructive sleep apnea is snoring followed by pauses or gasping. Other symptoms include labored breathing while sleeping, restless sleep, sleeping in unusual positions, and daytime sleepiness. If it goes untreated, obstructive sleep apnea can eventually lead to heart problems.</p> <p>Treatment for obstructive sleep apnea involves keeping the throat open to aid air flow, such as with adenotonsillectomy (surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which is delivered by having someone wear a nose mask while sleeping.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Although extended pauses in breathing can be serious, after a doctor does a complete evaluation and makes a diagnosis, most cases of apnea can be treated or managed with surgery, medicine, or monitoring devices. Many cases of apnea go away on their own.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Adenoids and AdenoidectomyEnlarged adenoids are normal some kids, but others need surgery. Often, tonsils and adenoids are removed at the same time.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenoids.html/f38f9c39-1390-4122-a7a9-0f5ff1d19c55
All About SleepGetting enough sleep can be a problem for children of any age. Read this article to learn tips on bedtime schedules and routines for your child.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep.html/9f78a892-c63e-4501-a609-e6ddbdc0ecd0
Apnea of PrematurityApnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP usually goes away on its own as a baby matures.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/aop.html/503fca85-080c-451d-87d9-478d9f24cebb
Obstructive Sleep ApneaBrief pauses in breathing during sleep can be normal. But when breathing stops often or for longer periods, it can be a cause for concern.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/ec09b3ef-1913-4a9d-8f0a-ba3a4af6d5a9
Sleep Problems in TeensDoes your teen have trouble falling asleep at night? Is he or she sleepy during the day? Find out if it's just a normal part of adolescence, or if something else is to blame.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sleep-problems.html/10882f00-0fdb-4cbf-96bf-10500571547a
TonsillectomyA tonsillectomy is surgery to remove the tonsils. It's one of the most common surgeries kids and teens get. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/60fb67a5-1acd-49af-859d-7a37c9f09bb2
TonsillitisTonsillitis is an infection that makes tonsils swollen and red. It can cause a sore throat, fever, swollen glands, and trouble swallowing.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsillitis.html/b84c2f06-f125-483f-a524-334ba7ca6dfe