A to Z: Obesity, Morbidenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about causes and complications of obesity and morbid obesity.Morbid obesity, severe obesity, grade 3 overweight, obesity, overweight, body mass index, BMI, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, bone and joint problems, asthma, sleep apnea, liver disease, gall bladder disease, heart disease, depression, mental health, healthy eating habits, healthy lifestyle choices, diet, exercise10/16/201304/10/201909/02/2019c640ca89-7692-412d-9007-6af493cb84fchttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-obesity-morbid.html/<p><em>May also be called: Morbid Obesity; Severe Obesity</em></p> <p>Morbid obesity is severe obesity that's generally defined as a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bmi-charts.html/">body mass index (BMI)</a> greater than or equal to 40. BMI uses height and weight measurements to estimate body fat.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>A number of factors contribute to becoming overweight. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">Genetics</a>, lifestyle habits, or a combination of both may be involved. In some instances, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/endocrine.html/">endocrine</a> (hormone) problems, genetic syndromes, and medications can be associated with excessive weight gain.</p> <p>Obesity in kids is almost always influenced by lifestyle factors &mdash; such as&nbsp;drinking sugar-sweetened beverages; eating&nbsp;fatty, processed foods; not getting enough sleep; and spending too much time being sedentary (watching TV, playing with electronic devices, etc.) instead of&nbsp;being physically active.</p> <p>Morbid obesity can greatly increase a person's risk of numerous medical problems, including <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/type2.html/">type 2 diabetes</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure</a>, high <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a>, bone and joint problems, asthma, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/">sleep apnea</a>, liver and gallbladder disease, heart disease, and&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a> and other mental health issues.</p> <p>Morbid obesity is best treated through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthier diet, getting more exercise, and, sometimes, working with professionals who can help with this problem. When lifestyle changes alone aren't effective, surgery may be done to decrease the risk of other health issues.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Changing habits and losing weight can be very difficult, but it is possible. Even morbidly obese people can achieve a healthy weight if they eat well, exercise regularly, and incorporate healthy habits into their daily lives. By doing so, they will greatly decrease their risk of obesity-related health problems and emotional issues.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
5 Ways to Reach a Healthy WeightMost dieters regain the weight they lost by dieting when they go back to their old eating habits. Get our tips on the best ways to drop excess weight.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/weight-tips.html/63a232e0-0a78-424a-b211-edffe20e1177
About Overweight and ObesityWe use the words "oveweight" and "obese" a lot, but they actually have medical meanings. Find out how doctors diagnose these conditions and what they mean for a person's health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity-overweight.html/3db5b37c-b543-4171-bd34-d7d71e1a51eb
Binge Eating DisorderKids who eat unusually large amounts of food - and feel guilty or secretive about it - could be struggling with binge eating disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/binge-eating.html/5aa42ef1-f910-487b-982c-2e410fc45fc9
Body Mass Index (BMI) Doctors use body mass index (BMI) measurements to assess a child's physical growth in relation to other kids the same age. Here's how to calculate BMI and understand what the numbers mean.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bmi-charts.html/40477781-cab1-4cd1-ad4c-35dec69f6d7c
Can Diabetes Be Prevented?Parents want to protect their kids from everything, which is virtually impossible, of course. But can you prevent your child from getting diabetes?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/prevention.html/19c3deb6-6d13-4116-a161-d84cff17f000
CholesterolCholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. The body needs some cholesterol, but too much can be a problem. Discover more about cholesterol in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cholesterol.html/a347b86c-c8e5-471b-819a-9eda9408ceb6
Dealing With Feelings When You're OverweightIf a person is struggling with extra weight, it can add to the emotional ups and downs of being a teen. Get some tips on coping here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/feelings-overweight.html/9cc87c50-d3f6-4643-8f24-dcaceb2ab86c
FatsSome fats are good for kids and an important part of a healthy diet. Here's what parents should know.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fat.html/39f148d3-0367-48c8-8b51-efd4dc004e5f
Healthy EatingGood nutrition and a balanced diet help kids grow up healthy. Here's how to improve nutrition and encourage smart eating habits.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/habits.html/429ff6f2-05a1-4593-a32b-4c6e4837e415
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)When someone has hypertension (high blood pressure), the heart has to pump harder and the arteries are under more strain as they carry blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/50aff0df-c464-4613-9fa4-6d814ba43a64
Keeping Portions Under ControlWaistlines have been expanding over the last few decades. Part of the problem is what we eat, but another is quantity. Are our plates simply piled too high?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/portions.html/1d063504-d67e-4620-825f-e6b465097df6
Kids and ExerciseBesides enjoying the health benefits of regular exercise, kids who are physically fit are better able to handle physical and emotional challenges.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/exercise.html/f2ac8b06-6d72-4382-8b53-dee0908bc566
Metabolic SyndromeMetabolic syndrome is a group of health problems that put kids at risk for heart disease and diabetes. With lifestyle changes, many kids improve their health and reduce their risk of disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/metabolic-syndrome.html/94bee442-7c12-4fe0-b2cb-4f9335c5424e
Nutrition & Fitness CenterVisit our nutrition and fitness center for teens to get information and advice on food, exercise, and sports.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/fitness-nutrition-center.html/4e575d37-8408-47c1-bdcb-41197f1fd0eb
Overweight and ObesityPreventing kids from becoming overweight means making choices in the way your family eats and exercises, and how you spend time together.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/overweight-obesity.html/3984b1ff-ca0a-46aa-889c-9bb1fb8b4884
Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It?Learning what you can about type 2 diabetes will let you help your child manage and live with the disease. Here are the basics.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/type2.html/d2e1a712-f804-4e52-b4d5-4c7266b0c39a
Weight Loss SurgeryWeight loss surgery works. But it's serious stuff, both physically and emotionally. Find out about two weight loss surgery options for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/bariatric.html/7fc66358-9504-4d6c-ab2a-92560014bdb7
Weight and DiabetesA balanced diet and an active lifestyle are important for kids with diabetes because weight can influence diabetes, and diabetes can influence weight.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/weight-diabetes.html/39ba5f7c-ecc6-4068-96ca-72fdd7690a54
What Being Overweight MeansBeing overweight has become a serious problem for many kids and adults. Find out what it means to be overweight in this article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/overweight.html/d8d5c0af-4083-4a42-88de-2b50dded661d
When Being Overweight Is a Health ProblemA couple of pounds of extra body fat are not a health risk for most people. But when people are severely overweight, it can cause health problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/obesity.html/86e35f4d-c4b7-42bf-84a0-f23b54b1965a
Your Child's Weight"What's the right weight for my child?" is one of the most common questions parents have. It seems like a simple one, but it's not always easy to answer.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-weight.html/47c960bc-61c9-4a05-933d-50f57967c0a7