A to Z: Myopiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgMyopia is nearsightedness, a common condition in which someone can see things that are close clearly, but things that are farther away appear blurry.Myopia, nearsightedness, shortsightedness, eyes, eyeball, cornea, lens, retina, refractive error, vision, vision problems, blurred vision, blurry vision, eyestrain, headache, laser eye surgery, eyeglasses, contact lenses, eye exam01/09/201504/09/201909/02/2019f6c37268-d562-4c5e-aa1a-a5e20dd03525https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-myopia.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Nearsightedness; Shortsightedness</strong></p> <p>Myopia (my-OH-pee-uh) is nearsightedness, a common condition in which someone can see things that are close clearly, but things that are farther away appear blurry.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Myopia is a type of refractive error. This means the problem is caused by the way the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eyes.html/">eye</a> bends, or refracts, light as it passes through the eye's cornea and lens. Normally, the cornea (the clear front of the eye) and lens (a small structure in the eye that can change shape) work together to take in images and focus them on the retina, the soft, light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the back of the eyeball wall. When someone has myopia, the lens focuses the image in front of the retina instead of directly on it.</p> <p>Myopia can happen if the eye is too long or if the cornea has too much curve to it. This may be related to a person's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">genes</a> or it may be caused environmental conditions, such as a job that involves a lot of reading off of computer screens.</p> <p>Myopia can cause blurred vision, squinting, eyestrain, and headaches. It also can make things like driving more dangerous when road signs are hard to read. Myopia can affect people of any age, but it's most commonly diagnosed in adolescents during and after <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-puberty.html/">puberty</a>.</p> <p>Myopia is diagnosed through an eye exam. Mild myopia may not need treatment. People with moderate to severe cases may need to wear glasses or contact lenses to correct their vision. For some adults, laser eye surgery can correct myopia permanently by changing the shape of the cornea.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Myopia doesn't cause any pain, but it can have a negative effect on a child's quality of life if not corrected. If your child has trouble seeing things or seems to do a lot of squinting, talk to a doctor and schedule an eye exam. Most cases of myopia can be easily corrected with glasses, contacts, or surgery.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: HyperopiaHyperopia is farsightedness, a common condition in which someone can see things in the distance clearly, but things that are closer appear blurry.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hyperopia.html/a8e12aea-51e3-4012-a4b3-02fbfdfc21a6
AmblyopiaAmblyopia interferes with the way the eye and the brain work together. The result is poor vision. Treatment may involve glasses, patches, eye drops, or surgery.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/amblyopia.html/486d90aa-3652-4c89-9e4d-110539ca3269
EyesAlthough your eyes are small, their structure is incredibly complex. Find out how they work in this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/eyes.html/603f05a6-aecf-46e3-be27-6080fd9345ac
Glasses and Contact LensesSometimes the different parts of the eye don't work together the way they should. When this happens, people wear glasses or contact lenses. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/glasses.html/13fcf85b-32ae-4ddd-a689-361a25c43203
Movie: EyesChloe and the Nurb take you on a tour of the eyes and how seeing happens. Watch this How the Body Works movie!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/eyes-movie.html/ad0936eb-f669-4a0e-b6e2-91a56642075b
StrabismusStrabismus causes eyes to wander or cross. Treatment may include glasses, patches, eye drops, or surgery.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strabismus.html/cbbbdb38-b30e-4efd-99fe-65598c1acdbf
Taking Care of Your VisionEven if you're lucky enough to have perfect vision, taking care of and protecting your eyes is vital to keeping your peepers perfect. Learn all about how to take care of your baby blues (or browns or greens) in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vision-care.html/25c29a93-b9b8-4350-81bf-455e1b19d57b
Vision Facts and MythsOld wives' tales abound about the eyes. From watching TV to eating carrots, here's the lowdown on some vision facts and fiction.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vision-facts-myths.html/f1b98298-9875-4a62-b924-8e6efdcdd285
Visual ImpairmentWhen one or more parts of the eye or brain that are needed to process images become diseased or damaged, severe or total loss of vision can occur. Read all about visual impairment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/visual-impairment.html/24537535-ce73-4c5a-b289-632602997457
Word! HyperopiaHaving hyperopia is also known as being farsighted, which means you can see things far away, but have trouble seeing objects up close, like the words in a book.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-hyperopia.html/11edf3a9-9a57-4ad8-b81f-619f6beec63b
Your Child's VisionIt's important for kids to have their eyes examined regularly, as many vision problems and eye diseases can be detected and treated early.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/vision.html/892d3a4f-f816-4903-a587-3514f79f4d68
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-ophthalmologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-ophthalmologyMhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/m/2aba21ee-5cd5-4788-a60d-af36b997b6c6Cerebral Palsy and Related Conditionshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cerebralpalsy-center/cp-relatedconditions/29cde641-247a-4fbf-8342-32f33b10fd2fhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg