A to Z: MSSAenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about causes and complications of skin infections.MSSA, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, staph infections, antibiotics, Staphylococcus aureus, skin infections, cuts, scrapes, bites, toxic shock syndrome, cellulitis, staph food poisoning, folliculitis, impetigo, scalded skin syndrome, hand washing, personal hygiene, cuts, wounds, infections, infected skin, bacteria infections, staph infections, bacterial, bacteria, bacterial infections, germs12/04/201308/11/201609/02/2019941a2530-bd8a-4676-b5f9-a979b927ea38https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-mssa.html/<h1>A to Z:&nbsp;MSSA</h1> <p>MSSA stands for methicillin-susceptible <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/">Staph</a> is the shortened name for <em>Staphylococcus</em> (staf-uh-low-KAH-kus), a type of bacteria. MSSA is a strain of staph bacteria that responds well to&nbsp;medicines used to treat staph infections.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Many strains of staph bacteria are quite common, and most people have staph bacteria living harmlessly on their skin or in their noses. Staph bacteria that enter the body through a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bleeding.html/">cut</a>, scrape, or rash can cause minor skin infections. Most of these heal on their own if the wound is kept clean and bandaged, but sometimes antibiotics are needed.</p> <p>Some bacteria, called <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mrsa.html/">MRSA</a> (methicillin-resistant <em>Staphylococcus aureus</em>), resist the medicines that usually treat staph infections. MSSA infections, however, usually respond well to treatment with these medicines.</p> <p>MSSA infections can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toxic-shock.html/">toxic shock syndrome</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cellulitis.html/">cellulitis</a>, staph food poisoning, folliculitis (infection of hair follicles), boils, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/impetigo.html/">impetigo</a>, and scalded skin syndrome (an illness that causes a fever, rash, and sometimes blisters).</p> <p>Most MSSA infections can be treated by washing the skin with an antibacterial cleanser, using warm soaks, applying an antibiotic ointment prescribed by a doctor, and covering the skin with a clean dressing. Doctors also may prescribe oral antibiotics to treat MSSA infections. More serious infections may require hospitalization.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Most MSSA infections are easily treated with antibiotics or by draining the infection of pus or fluid. Many such infections can be prevented by <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">washing hands</a> well and often, keeping cuts and scrapes clean and covered with a bandage, not sharing personal items (like razors, towels, or uniforms), and making sure to take the full amount of any antibiotics as prescribed.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
AbscessAn abscess is a sign of an infection, usually on the skin. Find out what to do if your child develops one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abscess.html/f31fd7e9-3f18-41b3-9409-0075181f6ca4
CellulitisCellulitis is a skin infection that involves areas of tissue just below the skin's surface. It can affect any part of the body, but it's most common on exposed areas, such as the face, arms, or lower legs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cellulitis.html/11d03e5b-f1ac-42bc-95b9-8ed4436e5326
Dealing With CutsFind out how to handle minor cuts at home - and when to get medical care for a more serious injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bleeding.html/dd98d89c-e30e-4b99-8178-bb65cc8e9c3d
First Aid: CutsMost cuts can be safely treated at home. But deeper cuts - or any wounds that won't stop bleeding - need emergency medical treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cuts-sheet.html/e612779f-fd61-449d-947f-c96066443829
ImpetigoImpetigo is a strange-sounding word that might be new to you. It's an infection of the skin caused by bacteria. Read this article to learn more about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/impetigo.html/c9e55b07-8d2a-454a-8b47-67c4d016675e
MRSAMRSA is a type of bacteria that the usual antibiotics can't tackle anymore. Simple precautions can help protect your kids from becoming infected.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/mrsa.html/45242956-043b-400a-8ac7-cce1891a9c43
OsteomyelitisSometimes a bad cut that gets infected can lead to even worse things, like a bone infection called osteomyelitis. The easiest way to protect yourself is to practice good hygiene.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/osteomyelitis.html/018fa95e-9847-44f8-8128-15ce46ab062b
Staph InfectionsWhen skin is punctured or broken for any reason, staph bacteria can enter the wound and cause an infection. But good hygiene can prevent many staph infections. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/eb617e21-017c-44ab-bc1e-dfa5f4e8cd05
TetanusTetanus is a bacterial infection that grows in a contaminated wound. Because it can be serious, it's important to get immunized. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/tetanus.html/f5369583-ec3a-4542-a901-8e0ee2ce7f72
Toxic Shock SyndromeToxic shock syndrome is a serious but uncommon bacterial infection. TSS is a medical emergency - symptoms include sudden high fever, a faint feeling, diarrhea, headache, and muscle aches.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/toxic-shock.html/b03be988-ac45-4ea7-b481-ab593ef85d02