A to Z: Multiple Sclerosis (MS)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about about multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic disease affecting the central nervous system.multiple sclerosis, central nervous system, spinal cord, brain, optic nerve, myelin, fatigue, weakness, remission, relapse01/24/201302/27/201909/02/20198ad06c21-0136-46aa-a9b5-0049e28b04c7https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-ms.html/<h1>A to Z: Multiple Sclerosis (MS)</h1> <p>Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that affects the central <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">nervous system</a> (brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>MS is a chronic disease, which means it's a disease that a person has for a long time. With MS, the body's own <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune</a> cells attack the layer of tissue (called myelin) that surrounds and protects the nerves. Scars then develop that slow down or block the signals that travel between the brain and the body.</p> <p>Symptoms come and go in episodes or attacks and vary depending on what nerves are affected. They can include vision problems, fatigue or weakness, difficulty with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/balance-disorders.html/">balance</a> or coordination, and slurred speech. They can last for just a couple of days or several months. MS also can become increasingly debilitating with no periods of remission.</p> <p>MS can be diagnosed at any age, but most people learn of their disease between the ages of 20&ndash;50. It is rare in kids.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis, but medications can help control symptoms, reduce the number of relapses, and slow down the progression of the disease.</p> <p>People with MS can help manage their symptoms with physical and occupational therapy. Eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly also contribute to overall health and well-being for people living with MS.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Going to an Occupational TherapistOccupational therapy helps children overcome obstacles to be as independent as possible. Learn more about OT.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/occupational-therapist.html/9ecadc70-436b-4573-a947-12df6b333021
Occupational TherapyOccupational therapy can help improve kids' cognitive, physical, and motor skills and build their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/occupational-therapy.html/e6873992-af60-4bab-82d9-3bd1fe9ad5a3
Physical TherapyPhysical therapy helps people get back to full strength and movement - and manage pain - in key parts of the body after an illness or injury.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/pt.html/d292496f-1bf8-4949-9563-f0436e185c33
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a condition that causes muscle weakness and atrophy. There's no cure, but therapy and other treatments can help most people who have SMA.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sma.html/a161e655-0f4d-4b0e-8d85-c5deb4d839cc
WheelchairsWheelchairs are a way for some people to be independent, despite illnesses or injuries. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wheelchairs.html/659ae94f-c1ee-40b7-a024-c6de75b25325
Word! Occupational TherapyDo you know what your occupation is?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-occupational-therapy.html/a5a9ad58-cf2d-4914-9f5e-bda71dcee940