A to Z: Interrupted Aortic Archenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgRead about this condition in which the aorta has developed in a way that divides it into two parts and interrupts the proper flow of blood.Interrupted aortic arch, IAA, aortic arch interruption, heart, left ventricle, aorta, aortic arch, arteries, blood, ascending aorta, descending aorta, ductus arteriosus, patent ductus arteriosus, lungs, pulmonary artery, ventricular septal defect, rapid heartbeat, rapid breathing, poor feeding01/05/201503/18/201909/02/2019836af905-966b-46a7-9ef2-242751dd1ea2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-interrupted-aortic-arch.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: IAA; Aortic Arch Interruption</strong></p> <p>Interrupted aortic (ay-OR-tik) arch is a rare congenital (present at <a class="kh_anchor">birth</a>) problem. It happens when a baby's&nbsp;aorta doesn't develop correctly, leaving a gap between two parts of the aorta that are normally connected.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The aorta, the body's largest blood vessel, carries oxygen-rich blood from the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a> to the rest of the body. It starts from the heart's&nbsp;left ventricle, goes up, and then does a U-turn around the top of the heart before heading down to the rest of the body. The curved part above the heart is the aortic arch.</p> <p>When an aortic arch is interrupted it means that at some point along the curve, the part going up (the ascending aorta) ends and is not attached to the part going down (the descending aorta). This means that the heart can't send blood through the aorta to the lower body.</p> <p>Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a life-threatening condition. When a baby is born with IAA, the only way for the lower body to get blood is through a small blood vessel called the ductus arteriosus. This duct allows most of the blood to bypass the lungs in a developing fetus. It is present when a child is born but usually closes on its own after a day or two. Once the duct closes, a child with IAA needs surgery to fix the interruption and connect the ascending aorta to the descending aorta. Babies with IAA are given medicine to keep the ductus arteriosus open until surgery can be done.</p> <p>Babies with IAA usually seem healthy at birth but become very ill within the first days of life. Symptoms include rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat, poor feeding, and a gray skin tone in areas that aren't getting any blood.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Doctors can diagnose IAA with an imaging scan while a fetus is still in the womb or after birth with <span>an echocardiogram. After</span> surgery, children treated for IAA usually will take antibiotics for the rest of their lives to prevent heart infections, but their long-term outlook is excellent.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Coarctation of the AortaCoarctation of the aorta (COA) is a narrowing of the aorta, the major blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coa.html/c608c070-bf56-4f7e-97ed-025cfc1ca1a6
Congenital Heart DefectsHeart defects happen when there's a problem with a baby's heart development during pregnancy. Most heart defects can be treated during infancy.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/if-heart-defect.html/3dd23fa7-906f-4df9-8638-7400b77bed42
Heart HealthAre you heart smart? Learn about this amazing muscle, including how to care for kids with heart conditions.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/heart-health-center.html/88f2105c-8446-4576-bb5e-078f57766557
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)The ductus arteriosus is a blood vessel that connects two major arteries before birth and normally closes after a baby is born. If it stays open, the result is a condition called patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/patent-ductus-arteriosus.html/1220a363-ed10-4541-94c6-ecb923902cd8
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a combination of problems caused by a birth defect that changes the way blood flows through the heart.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tetralogy-of-fallot.html/c6d7839a-671c-43c0-8640-d2bc42753eee
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-cardiologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyCardiology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-cardio/04be85fa-f4f5-44c2-a321-21821f326c6aIhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/i/ac94889e-1a22-45af-9d07-d79d39816188https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg