A to Z: Infection, Skinenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-KH-AZ-Dictionary-enHD.jpgA skin infection is a condition where bacteria or other germs enter the skin through a wound and spread, causing pain, swelling, and discoloration.Skin infection, cellulitis, staph infection, bacterial skin infection, viral skin infection, skin, impetigo, athlete's foot, ringworm, fungi, viruses, bacteria, staph infection, boils, carbuncles, warts, herpes simplex, chickenpox, eczema, insect bites, animal bites, infection, antibiotics, staphylococci, streptococci, blisters, rashes, topical ointments06/08/201504/05/201909/02/2019a19d7c88-4748-42f4-9c47-e5b0d0ebe773https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-infection-skin.html/<p><em>May also be called: Skin Infection, Cellulitis, Staph Infection, Bacterial Skin Infection, Viral Skin Infection</em></p> <p>A skin infection is a condition where bacteria or other germs enter the skin through a wound and spread, causing pain, swelling, and discoloration.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Most of the time, skin infections are caused by bacteria, such as staph (staphylococci) and strep (streptococci). In some cases, other germs &mdash; viruses, fungi, or parasites &mdash; may be involved. Many healthy people carry bacteria and other germs on their skin and in their noses and mouths without getting sick. But when skin is cut, scratched, or punctured, germs can enter the wound and cause infections, which can lead to other health problems.</p> <p>Common skin infections caused by bacteria include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/">staph infections</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cellulitis.html/">cellulitis</a>, boils, carbuncles, and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/impetigo.html/">impetigo</a>. Common viral skin infections include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wart.html/">warts</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/herpes.html/">herpes simplex</a>. <a class="kh_anchor">Athlete&rsquo;s foot and ringworm</a> are skin infections caused by fungi. Symptoms depend on the type of infection. Common symptoms of skin infections include redness, blisters, rashes, irritation, fever, and pus or fluid draining from the infected skin.</p> <p>Conditions that create breaks in the skin and allow germs to enter, such as eczema and acne, can increase a person&rsquo;s risk of skin infection. Other causes include chickenpox, scratched insect bites, animal bites, and puncture wounds. Treatment depends on the type of infection and often includes antibiotic pills or liquid (for bacterial infections) or creams or lotions applied directly to the skin.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Most skin infections will go away without causing any complications. In some cases, however, they can lead to more serious health problems, so a doctor should always be consulted if symptoms of an infection appear. Skin infections can often be prevented by washing wounds well with soap and water and applying an antibiotic ointment.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
AbscessAn abscess is a sign of an infection, usually on the skin. Find out what to do if your child develops one.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/abscess.html/f31fd7e9-3f18-41b3-9409-0075181f6ca4
CellulitisCellulitis is an infection of the skin and underlying tissues that can affect any area of the body. It begins in an area of broken skin, like a cut or scratch.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cellulitis.html/15292526-b2b5-46b8-ae79-391dbea116c7
Diaper RashDiaper rash is a very common infection that can cause a baby's skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender. In most cases, it clears up with simple changes in diapering.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diaper-rash.html/4e56cce8-b9cd-4679-8625-8504e7ada219
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)Eczema can be an itchy nuisance and cause scratching that makes the problem worse. Many kids who have eczema today will be over it by the time they're teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.html/085769a4-1f01-4f26-9de9-24cb82c71c30
Genital HerpesGenital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that's usually caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/herpes.html/e02281fe-caa0-4e46-9d53-78cebc6ebf65
ImpetigoImpetigo is a contagious skin infection that causes blisters or sores on the face, neck, hands, and diaper area. Learn how this common problem is treated and what can help prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/impetigo.html/297861be-b655-4f42-ab01-28f80fbc8cd2
ParonychiaParonychia is an infection of the skin around a fingernail or toenail. Most of the time, it's not serious and can be treated at home. Learn what causes it, what to do, and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/paronychia.html/8305936c-a497-45e1-a335-2808e79813f7
Staph InfectionsWhen skin is punctured or broken for any reason, staph bacteria can enter the wound and cause an infection. But good hygiene can prevent many staph infections. Learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/staphylococcus.html/eb617e21-017c-44ab-bc1e-dfa5f4e8cd05
WartsMany of us have had a wart somewhere on our bodies at some time. But other than being a nuisance, most warts are harmless.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/wart.html/997764c2-a933-4b68-bce5-42b37b7f0a42