A to Z: Hypertension, Pulmonaryenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about types of high blood pressure and conditions that can affect the lungs and heart.Pulmonary hypertension, PH, PHT, pulmonary arteriopathy, pulmonary arterial hypertension, PAH, primary pulmonary hypertension, PPH, idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, IPH, secondary pulmonary hypertension, heart, lungs, circulatory system, pulmonary circulation, pulmonary arteries, blood clots, heart transplant, lung transplant, right-sided heart failure, arrhythmia, high blood pressure10/11/201303/18/201909/02/2019c5b874fd-fcba-4380-b60b-92e40ac07688https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hypertension-pulmonary.html/<p><em>May also be called: Pulmonary Hypertension; Pulmonary Arteriopathy; Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension; Primary Pulmonary Hypertension; Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension; Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension</em></p> <p>Pulmonary hypertension (PUL-muh-nair-ee hy-pur-TEN-shun) is a condition that occurs when the blood pressure in the arteries of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a> is abnormally high.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The body has two circulatory systems:</p> <ol> <li>Systemic circulation&nbsp;sends blood from the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/">heart</a> to all the other parts of the body and back again.</li> <li>Pulmonary circulation&nbsp;is a short loop from the heart to the lungs and back again.</li> </ol> <p>Pulmonary hypertension happens when there is abnormally <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/">high blood pressure</a> in the pulmonary circulation, which means the heart has to work harder to pump blood against the high pressure.</p> <p>Pulmonary hypertension is caused by narrowing or blockage of the arteries and tiny blood vessels called capillaries in the lungs. This can be the result of another medical problem or the use of certain drugs, in which case it is called <strong>secondary pulmonary hypertension</strong>. In some cases, however, there is no identifiable cause. This is called <strong>primary</strong> or <strong>idiopathic pulmonary hypertension</strong>.</p> <p>Pulmonary hypertension can cause breathing difficulties, chest pain, weakness, and fatigue. Over time it can lead to right-sided heart failure, blood clots, irregular heartbeats (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arrhythmias.html/">arrhythmia</a>), and bleeding in the lungs. Without treatment, these complications can become life threatening.</p> <p>Treatment for pulmonary hypertension usually involves medications that help improve blood flow in the pulmonary arteries. In rare cases, surgery to relieve the pressure or a heart or lung transplant may be performed.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>There is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, but medical treatment and lifestyle changes &mdash; such as maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, avoiding high altitudes, staying active, and getting plenty of rest &mdash; can help minimize symptoms.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Hypertension, PrimaryLearn about types of high blood pressure and conditions that can affect the heart and blood vessels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hypertension-primary.html/00024050-3537-41e3-afdc-fe9edac785a8
Arrhythmia (Abnormal Heartbeat)An arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat usually caused by an electrical "short circuit" in the heart. Many are minor and not a health threat, but some can indicate a more serious problem.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/arrhythmias.html/19038a47-2ae4-48f8-8bd5-9e46150171b0
ArrhythmiasArrhythmias are abnormal heartbeats usually caused by an electrical "short circuit" in the heart. Many are minor and not a significant health threat, but others can indicate a more serious problem.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/arrhythmias.html/79184e00-417e-4ce4-a49b-2e89de1b1bd4
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system are our body's lifeline, delivering blood to the body's tissues. Brush up on your ticker with this body basics article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart.html/52398b6a-54a6-4272-a569-42ed5b12aeac
Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)When someone has hypertension (high blood pressure), the heart has to pump harder and the arteries are under more strain as they carry blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hypertension.html/50aff0df-c464-4613-9fa4-6d814ba43a64
Lungs and Respiratory SystemBy the time we're 70 years old, we will have taken at least 600 million breaths. All of this breathing couldn't happen without the respiratory system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/6fe380c0-fe47-47a4-ba19-7e0944585a61
When Your Child Needs a Heart TransplantIf your child needs a heart transplant, you're probably feeling lots of emotions. Fortunately, many kids who undergo heart transplants go on to live normal, healthy lives.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/heart-transplant.html/0c94f853-a992-413c-b67f-2ed97ac42ec6
Word! Blood PressureWhen you go to the doctor, a nurse might put a band around part of your arm and pump air into the band, blowing it up like a balloon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-bloodpressure.html/7f4edbb6-fd97-41f6-ba4f-9bf0ddfe6f26
Your Lungs & Respiratory SystemWhat's something kids are doing all day, every day? Breathing! Your lungs are large and in charge of breathing, so read all about them in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/lungs.html/ccaece97-199b-462e-b662-19edf5fcb1dc
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-cardiologyHhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/h/c2d4f543-6c0d-4809-85ed-87a4ce512e91Cardiology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-cardio/04be85fa-f4f5-44c2-a321-21821f326c6a