A to Z: Hypertrophy, Tonsillar (Enlarged Tonsils)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgTonsillar hypertrophy, or enlarged tonsils, can happen due to an ongoing (chronic) condition or a temporary effect of an infection.tonsillar, tonsil, tonsils, enlarged, large, big, hypertrophy, hypertrophic, chronic, ongoing, infection, inflammation, throat, swallow, swallowing, sore throat11/06/201304/04/201909/02/2019472075a3-aba7-4902-9266-dddd9cb932fahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hyper-tonsillar.html/<p><em>May also be called: Enlarged Tonsils</em></p> <p>Tonsillar hypertrophy, or enlarged tonsils, can be&nbsp;caused by&nbsp;an ongoing (chronic) condition or be a temporary effect of an infection.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Tonsils are small glands on either side of the back part of the throat. Their main job is to help stop bacteria from getting farther down the throat.</p> <p>Enlarged tonsils&nbsp;can be an ongoing (chronic) condition or a temporary effect of an <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsillitis.html/">infection</a>. Doctors aren't sure what causes chronically enlarged tonsils, but <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/secondhand-smoke.html/">secondhand tobacco smoke</a> and air pollution can make them larger.</p> <p>If the tonsils are very large, a person may snore or have trouble swallowing certain foods. Some people with enlarged tonsils have obstructive <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/apnea.html/">sleep apnea</a> (pauses in breathing during sleep) because the tonsils partially block the airway. A test done overnight in the hospital &mdash; called a sleep study &mdash; can help determine if someone has sleep apnea by looking for these pauses.</p> <p>Tonsils enlarged from an infection usually return to a normal size when the infection gets better. Chronically enlarged tonsils may also shrink as kids get older.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Enlarged tonsils are common. Treatment depends on the size of the tonsils and whether they interfere with eating, sleeping, or breathing. Most of the time treatment is not necessary. But sometimes, the doctor might recommend a medicine to shrink the tonsils or surgery to remove them (a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/">tonsillectomy</a>). Occasionally, someone with sleep apnea may need to wear a special mask at night that helps with breathing.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Adenoids and AdenoidectomyOften, tonsils and adenoids are surgically removed at the same time. So, what are adenoids exactly?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/adenoids.html/9a0e2a68-7eee-4060-a48a-32c77f93db2f
Mononucleosis (Mono)It's sometimes called "the kissing disease," but kissing is just one of the ways that someone can catch mono.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/mononucleosis.html/2ce95611-a0cc-4e5c-9306-e916dcebc77c
Peritonsillar AbscessA peritonsillar abscess is an area of pus-filled tissue at the back of the mouth, next to one of the tonsils. Find out how it happens and what to do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/peritonsillar-abscess.html/53c0cdfe-b374-4d71-827c-fdd5c5f01133
Strep ThroatStrep throat is a common cause of sore throat in kids and teens. It usually requires treatment with antibiotics, but improves in a few days.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/strep-throat.html/4504e91d-3bbd-4d1a-beb8-516fc25df480
TonsillectomyA tonsillectomy is surgery to remove the tonsils. It's one of the most common surgeries kids and teens get. Find out more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/tonsil.html/60fb67a5-1acd-49af-859d-7a37c9f09bb2
TonsillitisIf your tonsils get infected, it can make your throat feel very sore. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/tonsillitis.html/25e7a13a-51d0-44b7-ad38-224a93eb3a8a
What's Mono?Kissing is just one of the ways that someone can spread mononucleosis. Most people who get mono are teens or young adults, but kids can get it too.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/mono.html/841602d7-a91e-44d6-8a6d-11d501e23e39