A to Z: Hernia, Epigastricenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about hernias and conditions that affect the abdomen and abdominal muscles.Epigastric hernia, ventral hernia, linea alba hernia, epigastrium, linea alba, sternum, xiphoid process, umbilicus, belly button, abdomen, abdominal wall, intestines, laparoscopic surgery, abdominal surgery, stomach, hernia11/06/201304/04/201909/02/2019e75d6ada-58b4-40b2-a21a-63c8fa8cd94ehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hernia-epigastric.html/<p><em>May also be called: Ventral Hernia; Linea Alba Hernia</em></p> <p>An epigastric (eh-pih-GAS-trik)&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hernia.html/">hernia</a> is a hernia that happens when part of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">intestines</a> protrude through the abdominal muscles located between the belly button and the chest.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>A hernia is an opening or weakness in the wall of a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">muscle</a>, tissue, or membrane that normally holds an organ in place. If the opening or weakness is large enough, a portion of the organ may be able to protrude through the hole.</p> <p>With an epigastric hernia, the opening is found near the center of the abdomen, in between the bottom of the breastbone (sternum) and the belly button. This part of the abdomen is called the epigastrium, so a hernia in this area is called epigastric.</p> <p>Epigastric hernias are caused by defects in the midline of the abdomen (called the linea alba), where the abdominal muscles on both sides come together. Babies can be born with this sort of defect, or it can be caused by weakness in the surrounding muscles or strain on the abdominal wall. The defect may allow fatty tissue and/or part of the intestines to protrude through the abdominal muscles. This can cause pain and a small lump.</p> <p>About 75% of epigastric hernias occur in males. They are usually small and may cause no symptoms and sometimes require no treatment. When symptoms are present or the hernia is large, <a class="kh_anchor">surgery</a> is a common way to fix the problem.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Epigastric hernias should be evaluated so a doctor should be notified about swelling or pain in the area of the epigastrium.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Hernia, UmbilicalLearn about hernias and conditions that affect the abdomen and bellybutton.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-hernia-umbilical.html/652c975e-37c5-406e-9f3f-fafbc88635e4
HerniasHernias are fairly common in kids, and hernia repair is one of the most common pediatric surgeries.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hernia.html/7d8de0d8-ef61-4907-9ed4-527ad3612366
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologykh:clinicalDesignation-generalPediatricskh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-generalSurgeryHhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/h/c2d4f543-6c0d-4809-85ed-87a4ce512e91