A to Z: Brain Stem Gliomaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-KH-AZ-Dictionary-enHD.jpgThis type of brain tumor forms in the brain stem, the part of the brain that coordinates messages and controls processes like breathing and digestion. Learn more here.Brain stem glioma, pontine glioma, diffuse pontine glioma, brain, brain stem, medulla, midbrain, pons, autonomic functions, glial cells, cancer, brain cancer, brain tumors, nervous system cancer, tumors, brain cells, chemotherapy, radiation therapy06/08/201502/03/202002/03/202044928e02-a875-4dd2-a52b-40fdb4e55c50https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-glioma-brain-stem.html/<p><em>May also be called: Pontine Glioma, Diffuse Pontine Glioma, Midbrain Tumor, Tumor of the Medulla</em></p> <p>A brain stem glioma (glee-OH-muh) is any <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/">tumor</a> that forms in a part of the brain stem.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The brain stem, located deep in the back of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">brain</a>, is made up of three parts: the midbrain, pons, and medulla. These parts coordinate the brain's messages. They also control many of the body's autonomic functions (processes we almost never think about controlling, like breathing, digestion, sweating, and shivering). A tumor that develops in any area of the brain stem is called a brain stem glioma.</p> <p>Types of brain stem gliomas include pontine glioma, midbrain tumor, and tumor of the medulla.</p> <p>In a <strong>pontine glioma</strong> (a tumor in the pons), symptoms may come on suddenly and get worse quickly. They can include:</p> <ul> <li>double vision</li> <li>turning in of one eyeball</li> <li>drooping of the eyelid</li> <li>trouble swallowing</li> <li>trouble speaking and walking</li> </ul> <p>Pontine gliomas are the most common brain stem tumors and are hard to treat.</p> <p><strong>Midbrain tumors</strong> may cause similar eye problems, along with headaches and vomiting. This is due to increased pressure in the head from a blockage of cerebrospinal fluid. Cerebrospinal fluid surrounds and cushions the brain and spinal cord.</p> <p><strong>Tumors of the medulla</strong> may cause swallowing problems and limb weakness.</p> <p>Surgeons usually can't operate on the brain stem, so oncologists (cancer doctors) mostly treat brain stem gliomas with <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/">chemotherapy</a>.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>With more treatments becoming available, the outlook for kids with brain stem gliomas is improving.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Brain TumorsBrain tumors are the second most common group of childhood cancers. Treatment requires a very specialized plan involving a team of medical specialists.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/ff2bd11c-a3d8-4bb3-bb58-edd97dd13a31
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Brain and Nervous System CancersThese cancers are the most common type of cancer in children. When discovered early, they often can be cured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-tumors.html/527c1203-9898-45b5-8dba-3de70f76df5d
Cancer CenterFrom treatments and prevention to coping with the emotional aspects of cancer, the Cancer Center provides comprehensive information that parents need.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/cancer-center.html/92fcdf56-6935-42ac-a953-9eaf5f96fe2f
ChemotherapyChemotherapy (chemo) is treatment with medicines that stop the growth of cancer cells.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/chemotherapy.html/54f93018-4955-4463-b067-5621e285210f
Childhood CancerDifferent kinds of childhood cancer have different signs, symptoms, treatments, and outcomes. But today, most kids with cancer get better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer.html/fb37fd75-d961-43c2-b963-ef6f60486038
Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy, also called radiotherapy, irradiation, or X-ray therapy, is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/b9df7e63-811c-454a-b467-44a28efb1250
Side Effects of Chemotherapy and RadiationSide effects of cancer treatment can include flu-like symptoms, hair loss, and blood clotting problems. After treatment ends, most side effects go away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/side-effects.html/96a6771c-22f7-4b52-ae6b-6aa9487bc738
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-oncologykh:genre-articlekh:primaryClinicalDesignation-oncologyOncology (Cancer) A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-onco/a7735711-c7f1-46e3-a571-50ca4db487ccGhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/g/913c41ca-555f-4809-b0b6-47479a8abc65