A to Z: Fracture, Skullenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgA skull fracture is a break or crack in one of the bones of the skull, also called the cranium.Skull fracture, basilar skull fracture, depressed skull fracture, linear skull fracture, basal skull fracture, diastatic skull fracture, skull, fracture, cranium, cranial bones, brain injuries, black eyes, seizures, convulsions, coma, loss of consciousness, spine, eyes, ears, nasal cavity, cerebrospinal fluid, brain01/05/201504/01/201909/02/20192ba5fe84-069c-47d9-a59b-395b4121c0ffhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-fracture-skull.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>A skull fracture (FRAK-chur) is a break or crack in one of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">bones</a> of the skull, also called the cranium (CRAY-nee-um).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The human skull is made up of two parts and 22 small bones. The cranium, the part of the skull above and behind the face, includes eight bones that come together at special joints called sutures (SOO-churs). These are the bones that crack or break when someone has a skull fracture. A severe impact or hit to the skull &mdash; such as from a car accident or fall &mdash; can cause skull fractures and may also injure the brain.</p> <p>There are four main types of skull fractures:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>With <strong>linear</strong> skull fractures, which are the most common, there is a break in the bone but the bone doesn't move.</li> <li>With <strong>depressed</strong> skull fractures, part of the bone breaks and is pushed inward toward the brain.</li> <li>A <strong>diastatic</strong> (dy-uh-STAT-ik) skull fracture is a breakage at the sutures, the joints between the bones of the head, that widens the space between the sutures.</li> <li><strong>Basilar</strong> (BAZ-uh-ler) skull fractures, the most severe type, involve breaks in the bones near the base of the skull, including the ones around the ears, eyes, and nasal cavity.</li> </ol> <p>Skull fractures can cause bleeding, black eyes, and nausea. These symptoms may progress to loss of consciousness, brain injury, seizures, convulsions, and coma. Severe skull fractures can be life-threatening medical emergencies, but most linear skull fractures don't require treatment. Depressed skull fractures are sometimes treated with surgery to repair the damaged part of the bone and prevent further injury to the brain.</p> <p>Children with basilar skull fractures require extra care because more problems &mdash; such as hearing loss, decreased sense of smell, and facial weakness &mdash; can follow a fracture.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Much of the time, skull fractures are simple linear fractures that don't need treatment. But anyone who has had a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/head-injury.html/">head injury</a> should be observed for a few days in case complications develop. A doctor should always be notified if someone has headaches, dizziness, confusion, or any symptoms of a skull fracture following a blow or injury to the skull.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) SafetyATVs are off-road vehicles often used for recreation. But kids 16 and younger shouldn't ride them. Find out why, and more, here.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/atv-safety.html/92247a41-1b19-4272-b694-e375a237f34d
Bones, Muscles, and JointsWithout bones, muscles, and joints, we couldn't stand, walk, run, or even sit. The musculoskeletal system supports our bodies, protects our organs from injury, and enables movement.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/53199934-b6d8-4854-8362-8b1dfc45c3f6
Broken BonesMany kids will have a broken bone at some point. Here's what to expect.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/b-bone.html/98c370ab-7c7b-4b1f-a6c5-d1106a57a8dd
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Dealing With Sports InjuriesYou practiced hard and made sure you wore protective gear, but you still got hurt. Read this article to find out how to take care of sports injuries - and how to avoid getting them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/sports-injuries.html/e49f63c7-6ae0-446e-a953-4b458a82eaeb
First Aid: FallsAlthough most result in mild bumps and bruises, some falls can cause serious injuries that need medical attention.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/falls-sheet.html/1cb1d94d-8d61-4ea2-8607-27bdffc5b098
First Aid: Head InjuriesLearn about the different types of head injuries, and find out what to do if your child is seriously injuried.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/head-injuries-sheet.html/c8debadb-155c-45f3-9570-120605d78f6d
Head InjuriesHead injuries can be external or internal. Learn more about both kinds, how to prevent them, and what to do if your child is injured.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/head-injury.html/9369e328-77a9-4ffb-9782-4aed05a955d4
Preventing Children's Sports InjuriesParticipation in sports can teach kids sportsmanship and discipline. But sports also carry the potential for injury. Here's how to protect your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sports-safety.html/bec4e82b-c8b0-4945-9611-7c9464e177f8