A to Z: Erythema Multiformeenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgErythema multiforme is a skin condition caused by a hypersensitive reaction to an infection or, in some cases, medication.Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Erythema multiforme minor, Erythema multiforme major, hypersensitive reaction, target-shaped rash, rash, bulls-eye rash, infection, skin condition, herpes simplex virus, mouth sores02/11/201304/01/201909/02/201996bcda03-2cf3-46db-96b6-b4a6cdaaaf20https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-erythema-multi.html/<p><em>May also be called: Erythema Multiforme Minor; Erythema Multiforme Major; Stevens-Johnson Syndrome</em></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/erythema-multiforme.html/">Erythema multiforme (EM)</a> is a hypersensitive reaction to an infection or, in some cases, a medication. This reaction causes a rash that appears as red, target-shaped ("bulls-eye") patches or sores on the skin.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Most cases of erythema multiforme (air-ah-THEE-mah mul-ti-FOR-me) are thought to be an overreaction of the body's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> to an infection, which leads to the rash. More than half of cases are associated with the herpes simplex virus (the virus that causes <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold-sores.html/">cold sores</a>). But other viruses, bacteria like mycoplasma, and fungi also can trigger the rash. In some cases, EM happens after taking certain medications.</p> <p>The rash, which may itch or burn, often begins on the arms, hands, legs, and feet, but can occur on the face, neck, and torso. The rash will go away within 1-4 weeks, but may leave darker spots on the skin for a few months.</p> <p>Other symptoms can include a low-grade fever and mild aches in joints and muscles. In a few severe cases, mouth sores or blisters can develop and the condition can be life threatening.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Erythema multiforme is not contagious and goes away on its own without treatment. Most people who get it experience&nbsp;no long-term effects, but some can&nbsp;have recurrences. Suspected cases of EM&nbsp;should be evaluated by a doctor, who can look for possible causes that may need specific treatment.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Cold SoresYou may have had a cold sore, but what are they exactly? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cold-sores.html/7b43b169-6edb-4d95-9946-7d26a995220a
Cold Sores (HSV-1)Cold sores (also known as fever blisters) are pretty common and lots of people get them. So what causes them and what can you do?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cold-sores.html/3bcd7810-3383-4472-8848-f40d2ad8fbac
Erythema MultiformeBy the looks of the "bulls-eye" marks this rash leaves on the skin, you might think it's cause for concern. But erythema multiforme clears up on its own within a few weeks.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/erythema-multiforme.html/db4a728e-f899-4989-a6cd-16b20f698866
Erythema ToxicumErythema toxicum is a common rash seen in full-term newborns. No treatment is needed and it goes away on its own.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/erythema-toxicum.html/7909189e-4070-48f4-a843-af7124c3d7f6
Fifth DiseaseEspecially common in kids between the ages of 5 and 15, fifth disease is a viral illness that produces a distinctive red rash on the face, body, arms, and legs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fifth.html/080f20dd-04cd-42e2-8859-7cf7a61dadcf
First Aid: RashesSometimes rashes are only a minor annoyance. Other times, they are more serious and require medical treatment. Here's what to do if your child has a rash.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rashes-sheet.html/b20f177c-afbf-49de-b9ea-2ad76cf5d132
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
RashesLearn about rashes in a flash. Check out our article just for kids!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/rashes.html/93106f15-27f0-427c-8e51-130efc8cb8c4
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f