A to Z: Eosinophilic Esophagitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about allergic reactions and diseases of the esophagus and gastrointestinal tract.eosinophilic esophagitis, EE, gastrointestinal tract, digestive tract, esophagus, eosinophils, eosinophilia, allergens, allergic reactions, stomach, dysphagia, difficulty swallowing, white blood cells, immune system11/26/201204/01/201909/02/2019d285ebd6-4b35-4283-8870-74ff107bcadfhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-eosinophilic.html/<p><em>May also be called: EE; EoE; EO; Primary Eosinophilic Esophagitis (PEE); Allergic Eosinophilic Esophagitis (AEE); Idiopathic Eosinophilic Esophagitis (IEE)</em></p> <p>Eosinophilic esophagitis (ee-o-SIN-o-fil-ik uh-sof-uh-JI-tis) is irritation and swelling of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">esophagus</a> caused by a buildup of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the wall of the esophagus.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The esophagus is the muscular tube connecting the mouth to the stomach. Eosinophils are a type of <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">white blood cell</a> that the body's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a> produces in response to an allergic reaction or infection. Normally, the wall of the esophagus has no eosinophils. If the body's immune system senses an allergen (something that causes an allergic reaction), it can send lots of&nbsp;eosinophils to the esophagus to deal with it. This can thicken the wall of the esophagus and lead to difficulty swallowing, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.</p> <p>Doctors don't know which allergens cause eosinophilic esophagitis, but they think they're found in certain foods. <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/">Genetic</a> and environmental factors also may play a role. Treatment choices include an elimination diet to determine and avoid the foods that can trigger the condition, medications to decrease inflammation and acid production, and occasionally, a procedure to dilate (widen) narrowed parts of the esophagus.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>People with eosinophilic esophagitis are more prone to other illnesses associated with allergies, like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.html/">eczema</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/asthma-center.html/">asthma</a>. A specialist can help determine if foods are triggering the EE and its&nbsp;symptoms. Symptoms often improve after dietary changes. If this is the case, a dietitian can help to make sure the person gets adequate calories and nutrition.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Asthma CenterVisit our Asthma Center for information and advice on managing and living with asthma.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/asthma-center.html/fcf87d3b-2976-44ee-843e-5d897168cc59
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
EczemaEverybody has dry skin once in a while, but eczema is more than just that. If your skin is dry, itchy, red, sore, and scaly, you may have eczema. Learn more about this uncomfortable condition and what you can to do stop itching!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/eczema.html/95bd5d11-4ca3-401a-848b-27cbaeb78cee
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)Eczema can be an itchy nuisance and cause scratching that makes the problem worse. Many kids who have eczema today will be over it by the time they're teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.html/085769a4-1f01-4f26-9de9-24cb82c71c30
Gastroesophageal RefluxWhen symptoms of heartburn or acid indigestion happen a lot, it could be gastroesophageal reflux (GER). And it can be a problem for kids - even newborns.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/gerd-reflux.html/e7bf2cbd-1676-4ca9-a5d4-5d70052c0344
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)Gastroesophageal reflux disease doesn't just affect old people who eat too much while watching TV. Active, healthy teens can have GERD too.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/gerd.html/a2ccead6-1b16-4eaf-9861-18e46ecd611b
Your Digestive SystemThe digestive system breaks down the food you eat. Learn how in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/digestive-system.html/2a59b1c6-c783-4de0-bb89-75a822f14849