A to Z: Enterovirusenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgEnterovirus infections can affect the digestive tract, skin, and respiratory and central nervous systems.Enterovirus, coxsackievirus, echovirus, poliovirus, hepatitis A virus, polio, hepatitis A, enterovirus D68, viruses, viral infection, viral meningitis, encephalitis, myocarditis, paralysis, hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, hand foot and mouth disease, brain infection, heart infection, herpangina09/09/201404/01/201909/02/2019d8be3d1f-9877-4b96-9812-65926b9c4844https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-enterovirus.html/<p>Enterovirus (EN-tuh-ro-vy-rus) is a term for viruses that live in the human digestive tract and cause a range of different symptoms, from mild to serious. Most cases do not cause serious harm and go away in just a few days.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>There are many kinds of enteroviruses, including <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coxsackie.html/">coxsackieviruses</a>, echoviruses, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/polio.html/">polioviruses</a>, the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepatitis.html/">hepatitis</a> A virus, and others, such as enterovirus D68. These viruses are common and infect millions of Americans every year. They can infect anyone, but are more likely to cause illnesses in infants, children, and teens who haven't developed immunity against the virus yet (from not being previously exposed to it), and people with weakened immune systems.</p> <p>Most people who get infected with an enterovirus don't get sick. When someone does get sick, symptoms include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/fever.html/">fever</a></li> <li>runny nose</li> <li>sneezing</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-cough.html/">cough</a></li> <li>breathing difficulty</li> <li>muscle aches</li> </ul> <p>Infections that spread beyond the digestive tract can cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hfm.html/">hand, foot, and mouth disease</a>, hemorrhagic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/conjunctivitis.html/">conjunctivitis</a> (an infection of the eye), and viral <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/meningitis.html/">meningitis</a> (an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord).</p> <p>Recent outbreaks of enterovirus D68 in the United States have caused severe respiratory illness in some children and teens. In rare cases, enterovirus infections can lead to paralysis and infections of the brain (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/encephalitis.html/">encephalitis</a>) and heart (myocarditis).</p> <p>Enteroviruses spread easily from person to person, usually on unwashed hands and surfaces contaminated by feces (poop), where they can live for several days.</p> <p>There is no specific treatment for enterovirus infection other than relieving symptoms until the infection has run its course, which is usually not more than a few days.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Although enteroviruses can cause serious illness, enterovirus infections usually are mild. Most cause no symptoms at all. If symptoms are severe or last more than a few days, call a doctor right away.</p> <p>Many enterovirus infections can be prevented by <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">washing hands</a> often, avoiding contact with sick people, and keeping household surfaces clean and disinfected.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Coxsackievirus InfectionsCoxsackievirus infections can spread from person to person. In most cases, the viruses cause mild flu-like symptoms, but can lead to more serious infections.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/coxsackie.html/185944f5-ec45-432d-8542-ae1cc902a4b0
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
Hand, Foot, and Mouth DiseaseHand, foot, and mouth disease (HFM) is a common viral infection that causes painful red blisters in the mouth and throat, and on the hands, feet, and diaper area. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hfm.html/91a76605-dfdc-40fb-aafe-707d3763cf98
HepatitisHepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Most cases are caused by a virus — either hepatitis A, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C — all of which can be passed to others by someone who is infected. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hepatitis.html/7c50e331-b71a-4410-8b0c-fc7f7fff6206
PinkeyePinkeye is the most common eye problem kids can have. It causes redness, itching, inflammation, and pus to collect in the eyes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/conjunctivitis.html/d0a51d19-ae72-460f-b04e-ac08ce2e2cdc
Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis)Pinkeye, or conjunctivitis, is the most common eye infection affecting kids. Learn more about pinkeye and how to prevent it from spreading.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/conjunctivitis.html/e9e3ac89-030d-4594-b618-ecd44ebf82f6
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d