A to Z: Enteritisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn more about this common complication of infections and conditions that can affect the small intestine and digestive system.Enteritis, campylobacter, radiation enteritis, salmonella, shigella enteritis, bacterial gastroenteritis, gastroenteritis, small intestine, digestive system, stomach, large intestine, colon, gastritis, colitis, bacteria, virus, bacterial infection, viral infection, dehydration, food poisoning, stomach flu, gi bug06/30/201404/01/201909/02/2019064a7622-5e2a-4cbc-85f2-a3854f9d5ee6https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-enteritis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>Enteritis (en-tuh-RY-tus) is inflammation of the small intestine.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The small intestine breaks down food so the body can absorb vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. When the small intestine becomes irritated and swollen (inflamed), it's called enteritis. This sometimes happens along with inflammation of the stomach (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-gastritis.html/">gastritis</a>) and large intestine (<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-colitis.html/">colitis</a>).</p> <p>There are many types of enteritis, including bacterial gastroenteritis, such as <em>Campylobacter</em> enteritis, <em>Salmonella</em> enteritis, and <em>Shigella</em> enteritis. Enteritis is usually caused by eating or drinking something infected with a virus or bacteria. Other causes include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/radiation.html/">radiation therapy</a>, certain medications and illegal drugs, and autoimmune conditions such as <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibd.html/">Crohn's disease</a>.</p> <p>Enteritis can cause abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. Treatment usually involves drinking fluids to prevent <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>. In rare cases, enteritis may be treated in a hospital with intravenous (IV) fluids.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Mild cases of enteritis may not need treatment, but always see a doctor about any symptoms that concern you. In most cases, enteritis goes away on its own in a few days. If symptoms go on for longer than that, seek medical care, as some bacterial infections that cause enteritis can spread and lead to serious complications.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Campylobacter InfectionsThese bacterial infections can cause diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever. Good hand-washing and food safety habits can help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/campylobacter.html/1b376c32-47d6-42a6-9eed-50dbd918e201
DiarrheaNearly everybody gets diarrhea every once in a while, and it's usually caused by gastrointestinal infections. It's nothing to be embarrassed about. Read this article to learn more.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/diarrhea.html/a6f9f493-2ca8-437a-b4bb-4909ac75b2fc
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are the microscopic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that can cause disease.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/germs.html/78b1159a-926b-4cce-aeaa-d5220def6a58
Infections That Pets CarryKids can benefit from the companionship, affection, and relationships they share with pets. But it's important to know how to protect your family from infections carried by pets and other animals.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pet-infections.html/61a65ff3-292c-442e-86ed-364290e0442f
Salmonella InfectionsSalmonellosis is a foodborne illness caused by the bacteria salmonella. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, and headache.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/salmonellosis.html/fdb3d696-ad27-427b-84fc-8039b5218074
SalmonellosisPeople often think of salmonellosis as food poisoning, but food is only one way the bacteria Salmonella can be spread.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/salmonellosis.html/4c9aa097-9055-452f-a15a-b78978d2a675
Stool Test: Bacteria CultureA stool culture helps doctors determine if there's a bacterial infection in the intestines.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bac-culture.html/219b0003-f766-4465-88ea-71463f490add
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-gastroenterologyEhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/e/34af12b6-37ba-4ac1-832b-0a01518fb22bhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg