A to Z: Encephalopathyenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about encephalopathy, a broad term used to describe brain dysfunction.encephalopathy, abnormal brain function, brain dysfunction, altered mental state, memory loss, cognitive loss, dementia, hepatic encephalopathy, toxic encephalopathy, hypertensive encephalopathy, brain disease06/12/201304/01/201909/02/2019d5b2403c-9795-4668-866f-d19720bb51a2https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-encephalopathy.html/<p>Encephalopathy is a broad term used to describe <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">brain</a> dysfunction. There are many types of encephalopathies.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Encephalopathy has an extensive list of causes including infections, alcohol toxicity, brain trauma, liver and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kidneys-urinary.html/">kidney</a> failure, and prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals. Lack of oxygen or blood flow to the brain, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/metabolism.html/">metabolic</a> disorders, <a class="kh_anchor">malnutrition</a>, and other causes also can lead to abnormal brain functioning.</p> <p>The primary symptom of all encephalopathies is an altered mental state. Other symptoms will depend upon the type of encephalopathy and how severe it is. They include lack of concentration, progressive loss of memory and cognitive ability, lethargy, personality changes, and even loss of consciousness. Someone with encephalopathy also might have muscle twitches and tremors, rapid and involuntary eye movement, muscle weakness, dementia, inability to swallow or speak, and seizures.</p> <p>Symptoms may be constant or they may come and go or get progressively worse.</p> <p>Treatment of encephalopathy will depend upon the condition that caused it. Mild or acute cases often are treatable, but advanced encephalopathy can lead to permanent brain damage and death.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>While some people experiencing encephalopathy will need only short-term care, most will need to be closely monitored and treated by their doctor to keep their brain function from declining any further.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Viral InfectionA viral infection is a an infection caused by a virus (a type of germ).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-viral.html/008cb133-9a6e-4b42-aff4-4d10a23708f5
Brain TumorsBrain tumors are the second most common group of childhood cancers. Treatment requires a very specialized plan involving a team of medical specialists.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brn-tumors.html/ff2bd11c-a3d8-4bb3-bb58-edd97dd13a31
Lead PoisoningLong-term exposure to lead can cause serious health problems, particularly in young kids, so it's important to find out whether your child might be at risk for lead exposure.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lead-poisoning.html/0d32a361-b384-40fa-bc34-4730bf42ac3c
Neurocutaneous SyndromesNeurocutaneous syndromes are genetic disorders that lead to tumor growth in various parts of the body. Learn how to maximize the quality of life for children with these diseases.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/neurocutaneous.html/7e9e3b3a-59da-4998-8655-57927110240f