A to Z: Dysmenorrheaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpg"Dysmenorrhea" means difficult or painful periods.dysmennorhea, period, painful period, difficult period, cramps, prostaglandins, menstrual, menstruation, primary dysmenorrhea, secondary dysmenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, CD1Adolescent Medicine02/18/201303/29/201909/02/201954beab89-9b62-4706-a5f9-c8fa6a9c173fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-dysmennorhea.html/<p><em>May also be called: Painful Period; Difficult Period</em></p> <p>"Dysmenorrhea" (dis-men-uh-REE-uh) means difficult or painful <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/menstrual-problems.html/">periods</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Prostaglandins (chemicals that make the muscles of the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/female-reproductive-system.html/">uterus</a> contract) are the cause of the cramps that some girls have during their periods. Cramps are more common in girls with heavy menstrual flow.</p> <p><img title="illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/menstrualCrampsA-415x233-enIL.png" alt="illustration" name="5124-MENSTRUALCRAMPS_A_ENIL.PNG" /></p> <p>Cramps for a day or two during a period are normal, but severe pain can get in the way of school, studying, or sleeping. Some girls also have diarrhea, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/constipation.html/">constipation</a>, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and/or dizziness.</p> <p>Girls with dysmenorrhea can be diagnosed with:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong>Primary dysmenorrhea</strong>, a gynecologic problem that affects many girls. Pain usually starts when bleeding begins and lasts for 32&ndash;48 hours.<br /> <br /> or:</li> <li><strong>Secondary dysmenorrhea</strong>, menstrual pain related to other medical conditions. This type is rare.</li> </ul> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Some girls have no pain during their periods, but others experience painful cramps in the abdomen and lower back. Medications usually can help manage this pain successfully.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Can Birth Control Help With Cramps?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cramps.html/be2ec1ed-bd75-45e6-b81b-acea57c46e74
Five Things Girls Want to Know About PeriodsGirls have lots of questions about periods. Here are five good ones - and the all-important answers!https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/five-period.html/454c2743-e91a-48a0-8da4-a0c04690fb75
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Period CrampsCramps can put a crimp in a girl's daily routine. Find out what period cramps are and how to handle them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/period-cramps.html/271436fd-9b53-4bc5-a893-f6380083c6f1
Talking to Your Child About PeriodsKids reaching puberty should already know what's going to happen to their bodies. Here are some tips for talking to your daughter about menstruation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/talk-about-menstruation.html/2fa51072-ff0d-4ddf-9754-a27b424e8431
kh:age-teenThirteenToNineteenkh:clinicalDesignation-obgynkh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-adolescentMedicineDhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/d/ea832f9e-73e8-4b90-84cb-752635083753https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/menstrualCrampsA-415x233-enIL.png