A to Z: Deformity, Congenitalenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about types of birth defects and conditions that affect the size and shape of body parts.Congenital deformity, birth defect, congenital abnormality, congenital anomaly, congenital disorder, congenital defect, cleft lip, cleft palate, clubfoot, spina bifida, scoliosis, kyphosis, hyperlordosis, alcohol abuse, back braces, casts, CD1Clubfoot10/11/201303/25/201903/25/201908290211-34ea-44e2-99cd-ad5044d98221https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-deformity-congenital.html/<p><em>May also be called: Birth Defect; Congenital Abnormality; Congenital Anomaly; Congenital Disorder; Congenital Defect</em></p> <p>A congenital deformity is a change in the normal size or shape of a body part caused by&nbsp;a condition that a baby is born with.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>A deformity is any sort of disfigurement or distortion that makes a part of the body a different size or shape than it would be normally. Deformities can be:</p> <ul> <li><strong>congenital:</strong> present at birth</li> <li><strong>developmental:</strong> appearing later in childhood</li> <li><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-deformity-acquired.html/"><strong>acquired</strong></a><strong>:</strong> caused by injuries or illnesses that were not present at birth</li> </ul> <p>Common congenital deformities include <a class="kh_anchor">cleft lips and palates</a>, clubfeet, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spina-bifida.html/">spina bifida</a>, and spinal deformities like <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/scoliosis.html/">scoliosis</a>, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/">kyphosis</a>, and hyperlordosis.</p> <p>Most congenital deformities are caused by abnormal genetic coding, but some can be due to&nbsp;infections or environmental factors &mdash; such as alcohol abuse &mdash; that affect the mother and fetus during pregnancy.</p> <p>Congenital deformities can range from mild to severe. Mild deformities might not be visible or cause any symptoms. In severe cases, deformities can be readily apparent, cause pain, interfere with the movement and functioning of affected body parts, and negatively affect self-image.</p> <p>Treatment depends on the specific deformity and often includes surgery or the use of corrective devices like back braces and leg casts.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many congenital deformities can't be seen, won't&nbsp;cause any problems, and will never need treatment. Others respond very well to treatment, especially if it begins&nbsp;as soon as a doctor thinks a baby is ready for it. Cleft lips and palates, for example,&nbsp;can be corrected through surgery; and spinal deformities and clubfeet often can be successfully realigned through bracing and casting.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: ClubfootClubfoot is a birth defect that causes one or both of a baby's feet to turn inward and downward, giving the foot or feet a club-like appearance.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-clubfoot.html/fc58331e-0dfe-4598-b95f-8cc164f22e4f
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Birth DefectsSome birth defects are minor and cause no problems; others cause major disabilities. Learn about the different types of birth defects, and how to help prevent them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/birth-defects.html/eeaa74ff-3f65-4df3-8757-9df2d014c2ee
Halo BraceMuch like a fiberglass cast holds a broken arm or leg in place, a "halo" with vest holds a child's head and neck in place after a spinal injury so that spinal bones can heal.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/halo-brace.html/591aa204-79aa-4f2f-bd27-ffb98de1d1d7
KyphosisEveryone's spine is slightly rounded forward at a gentle angle. If this angle is too pronounced, more than 50 degrees or so, it's called kyphosis, also known as roundback or hunchback.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/kyphosis.html/af13c241-d4fa-45ae-805a-1c88b8048f60
ScoliosisScoliosis makes a person’s spine curve from side to side. Large curves can cause health problems like pain or breathing trouble. Health care providers treat scoliosis with back braces or surgery when needed. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/scoliosis.html/eb1d36eb-b517-42a5-9d47-7903103cdddc
Spina BifidaSpina bifida is a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. It's usually detected before a baby is born and treated right away.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/spina-bifida.html/a13499de-e5ce-40a1-a8bd-12bd447f75cf
When Your Baby Has a Birth DefectIf your child has a birth defect, you don't have to go it alone - many people and resources are available to help you.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/baby-has-birth-defect.html/9c0573a4-68a2-4d7d-a868-26999e332361
X-Ray Exam: ScoliosisKids with scoliosis have a spine that curves, like an S or a C. If scoliosis is suspected, a doctor may order X-rays to measure the curvature of the spine.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/xray-scoliosis.html/629dce49-0a36-4b67-af66-6cc0972e9691