A to Z: Croupenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgCroup is a viral infection that causes an inflammation of the upper airways — the voice box (larynx) and windpipe (trachea).croup, viral croup, spasmodic, cough, coughing, bark, barking, hoarse, hoarseness, viral infection, virus, upper airways, airway, voice box, larynx, windpipe, trachea11/06/201203/25/201909/02/2019355c6899-f45f-4173-90c5-012ed371586bhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-croup.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/croup.html/">Croup</a> is a viral infection that causes an inflammation of the upper airways &mdash; the voice box (larynx) and windpipe (trachea).</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Croup often leads to a barking cough or hoarseness, especially when a child cries. It is most often seen in the fall, and can affect kids up to age 5.</p> <p><img title="croup illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/illustrations/croup-415x233-rd4-enIL.png" alt="croup illustration" name="3670-CROUP_415X233_RD4_ENIL.PNG" /></p> <p>Most cases of croup are caused by contagious viruses like parainfluenza, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenovirus.html/">adenovirus</a>, or <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/rsv.html/">respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)</a>. Viral croup is most common &mdash; and symptoms are most severe &mdash; in children 6 months to 3 years old, but can affect older kids too. Some children are more prone to developing croup when they get a viral upper respiratory infection. Most, though not all, cases of viral croup are mild.</p> <p>Spasmodic croup is a type of croup that develops quickly and may happen in a child with a mild cold. The barking cough usually begins at night and is not accompanied by fever. Spasmodic croup has a tendency to come back again (recur).</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Treatment of symptoms is the same for either form of croup. Breathing in moist air helps most kids feel better, and ibuprofen or acetaminophen (only in children over 6 months old) can make them more comfortable. As with most illnesses, rest and plenty of fluids are recommended.</p> <p>However, if your child has difficulty breathing, has a pale or bluish color around the mouth, has difficulty swallowing, is drooling, has a high-pitched noise while breathing (stridor), or shows signs of dehydration or increased sickness, call your doctor right away.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Adenovirus Adenoviruses can infect the lining of the eyes, airways and lungs, intestines, urinary tract, and nervous system. They're common causes of fever, coughs, sore throats, diarrhea, and pinkeye.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenovirus.html/1364126a-08d4-49be-8630-eabbffc2e9e6
CoughingCoughs are a common symptom, but most aren't a sign of a serious condition. Learn about different coughs, how to help your child feel better, and when to call your doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-cough.html/68554637-7469-4d09-8ba7-5bb9211fcd47
CroupCroup often causes kids to have a loud cough that sounds like a seal barking. Most cases of croup are caused by viruses, are mild, and can be treated at home.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/croup.html/74193534-9eb3-4424-b13d-f36ab6db0fc4
First Aid: CroupCroup is a viral infection that causes a telltake "barking" cough. Find out what to do if your child has croup and when to call the doctor.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/croup-sheet.html/db5c03de-426f-4330-84ae-a95c6e204036