A to Z: Colitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about inflammatory disorders and conditions that affect the intestines and digestive system.Colitis, ulcerative colitis, UC, ischemic colitis, IC, microscopic colitis, collagenous colitis, lymphocytic colitis, infectious colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, colonitis, CMV colitis, colon, digestive system, large intestine, diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloody stool, dehydration, colorectal surgery, colostomy, CD1Gastroenterology, CD1Inflammatory Bowel Disease10/16/201303/25/201909/02/2019be349e89-9e73-4b85-b671-8bb4d58dd184https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-colitis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>Colitis (koh-LY-tis) is inflammation of the colon, the main part of the large intestine.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The colon is part of the body's <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">digestive system</a>. It runs from near the end of the small intestine to the rectum. The colon absorbs water and nutrients from partially digested food that enters the colon from the small intestine. Anything that isn't absorbed is slowly moved on a pathway out of the body. These undigested and unabsorbed food particles are also known as stool, a bowel movement, or poop.</p> <p>If the colon becomes inflamed (irritated and swollen), it can cause abdominal pain, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/diarrhea.html/">diarrhea</a>, bloody stools (poop), <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dehydration.html/">dehydration</a>, fever, and chills. A number of conditions can cause colitis, including bacterial and viral infections, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ibd.html/">inflammatory bowel disease</a>&nbsp;(<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-ulcerative.html/">ulcerative colitis</a> and Crohn's disease), and a lack of blood flow (ischemic colitis).</p> <p>Treatment for colitis depends on the cause of&nbsp;the inflammation. Most causes are treated with medicines that decrease inflammation or suppress the immune system. In rare cases, if medicines can't control symptoms, doctors may recommend surgery.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Many causes of colitis will eventually clear up on their own, but some (such as Crohn's disease) have no cure. In those cases, proper treatment and medical care can usually allow someone with colitis to enjoy a productive, normal life.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Ulcerative ColitisLearn more about this inflammatory disease of the large intestine, or colon.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-ulcerative.html/82d93070-8e1f-4f02-afb4-2503ae871d2a
Celiac DiseaseKids who have celiac disease, a disorder that makes their bodies react to gluten, can't eat certain kinds of foods. Find out more - including what foods are safe and where to find them.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/celiac-disease.html/958894f9-478f-4bc1-b7d6-7ef14b7c03bb
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Inflammatory Bowel DiseaseInflammatory bowel disease is an ongoing illness caused by an inflammation of the intestines. There are two kinds of IBD: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/ibd.html/c57ab671-d60f-4706-887c-a02296112ad7
Word! BowelsBowels are your intestines, and bowel movements are the stuff that's in them (otherwise known as poop).https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-bowels.html/54ce2051-6577-410e-a813-7128ad6e151a