A to Z: Cholelithiasis (Gallstones)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about cholelithiasis, the presence of gallstones (hard, pebble-like objects made of bile).cholelithiasis, gallstones, gallbladder, gall bladder, gall, bile, liver, bilirubin, cholesterol02/11/201303/25/201909/02/201950279057-5374-41ed-b6f9-84c5a5e633c1https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-cholelithiasis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Gallstones</strong></p> <p>Cholelithiasis (ko-leh-lih-THY-uh-sis) is the medical term for the presence of gallstones, which are hard, pebble-like objects made of bile that form in the gallbladder.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The gallbladder is a small organ just below the liver in the top right of the belly. It stores bile, a fluid produced by the liver to help digest fat in the foods we eat.</p> <p>Sometimes, material in the bile sticks together and forms hard, pebble-like objects (gallstones). There are two main types of gallstones: those made from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/">cholesterol</a> and those made from <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-bilirubin.html/">bilirubin</a> (a pigment made by the breakdown of red blood cells). Gallstones can happen in people with&nbsp;<a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sickle-cell-anemia.html/">sickle cell disease</a> or other conditions, or who are receiving certain treatments.</p> <p><img title="illustration" src="https://kidshealth.org/ES/images/illustrations/P-cholelithiasis-y-415x233-rd6-esIL.png" alt="illustration" name="4942-CHOLELITHIASIS_415X233_RD6_ENIL.PNG" /></p> <p>Many people who have gallstones don't have any symptoms. But if a gallstone gets stuck going out the opening of the gallbladder, it can cause&nbsp;pain in the top or the top right of the belly, below the right shoulder blade, or in the back. The pain may get worse after eating fatty foods. A person&nbsp;with gallstones also might have nausea or vomiting.</p> <p>Sometimes, small gallstones leave the body on their own, and those that do not cause symptoms or problems might not need treatment. But gallstones that cause symptoms often need to be treated with gallbladder-removal surgery. After surgery, gallstones will not return. Sometimes, medicine is used to dissolve gallstones made of cholesterol, but it can take years to work and new gallstones can still develop after treatment.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>People who have had gallstones sometimes get them again, and those who didn't have symptoms from previous gallstones may develop them. Contact your doctor if symptoms appear.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: CholangitisLearn more about infections and problems of the liver and biliary tract.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-cholangitis.html/0df8de9c-7910-4f18-bcca-0c341b5dc1fc
Blood Test: AmylaseAn amylase test may be done if a child has signs of a problem with the pancreas, such as belly pain, nausea, or vomiting. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-amylase.html/b026e4f0-08e2-47a2-a583-11d87f153389
Blood Test: LipaseA lipase test may be done if a child has signs of a problem with the pancreas, such as belly pain, nausea, or vomiting. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/test-lipase.html/4dc01edd-bfc6-44d7-a4f7-ada860e1dd2c
CholesterolMost parents probably don't think about what cholesterol means for their kids. But high cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease, which has its roots in childhood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cholesterol.html/b789c01d-c182-4160-8093-00bf50cd9ef3
Digestive SystemThe digestive process starts even before the first bite of food. Find out more about the digestive system and how our bodies break down and absorb the food we eat.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/f2005e0d-6586-4e09-94e7-65388be2bb40
Sickle Cell DiseaseSickle cell disease is a disease of the blood. Red blood cells are shaped like sickles, and can get stuck, especially inside smaller blood vessels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/sickle-cell.html/0801fa81-f59c-4e48-ae8c-ed9aa17ecf23
What's Cholesterol?Chances are, you've heard about cholesterol a lot lately, but you might be wondering what it is. Here's your chance to get the lowdown in our article just for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/cholesterol.html/738d57b9-27e3-4a2a-a244-d76a6d5ad071
Your Digestive SystemThe digestive system breaks down the food you eat. Learn how in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/digestive-system.html/2a59b1c6-c783-4de0-bb89-75a822f14849