A to Z: Cystic Fibrosis (CF)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about cystic fibrosis, an inherited disease primarily affecting the lungs and digestive system.Cystic fibrosis, CF, thick mucus, sticky mucus, greasy stools, salty-tasting skin, lung infection, nasal polyps, pancreatic enzymes, mucolytic medication, antibiotics08/09/201303/21/201909/02/20195db060c2-177d-4784-a19a-33236953973ahttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-cf.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf-nutrition.html/">Cystic fibrosis</a> (SIS-tik fy-BRO-sus) is an inherited disease that primarily affects the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a> and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">digestive system</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a defective gene that changes the nature of bodily secretions. Instead of being thin and lubricating, mucus is thick and sticky, especially in the lungs and pancreas. This leads to breathing problems, lung infections, and difficulty digesting food properly. CF also can affect the liver, the sweat glands, and the reproductive organs.</p> <p>Signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis include frequent lung infections or pneumonia; persistent wheezing; persistent cough with thick mucus; bulky, light-colored, foul-smelling bowel movements or diarrhea; and failure to gain weight despite a good appetite. Someone with CF may also have very salty sweat, poor height growth, nasal polyps (small growths of tissue inside the nose), frequent sinus infections, and fatigue. Symptoms can be mild or severe.</p> <p>Treatment for someone with CF usually includes pulmonary therapy (treatments to maintain lung function) and nutritional therapy (a high-calorie, high-fat diet with vitamin supplements). Pancreatic enzymes can be prescribed for better food digestion. People with CF also may need antibiotics to treat lung infections and mucolytic medication (a mucus-thinning drug) to keep mucus thin and flowing.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>People with CF have to take special care of themselves, but thanks to a better understanding of CF and improved treatment, they can participate in school, work, and leisure activities. Meanwhile, researchers are searching for a cure and working on even better treatments to extend life expectancy and improve quality of life.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
About Recipes for Kids With Cystic FibrosisThese high-calorie recipes are especially for kids with cystic fibrosis (CF). Kids with CF may need additional calories to meet their nutritional needs. Check out these delicious recipes.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-cf-recipes.html/efa54fdc-06a2-41ea-b734-c91ada9e0dd3
All About GeneticsRead the basics about genetics, including how certain illnesses, or increased risks for certain illnesses, pass from generation to generation.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/about-genetics.html/0a35cfc5-5d12-46d2-b0a9-ffae83cace5c
Balancing Schoolwork and Hospital StaysEvery student finds it hard to stay on top of schoolwork sometimes. So what happens when you have to miss a lot of school? This article for teens offers tips and advice.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/hospital-stays.html/6934a374-13af-40ff-9f71-c678e35c3dca
Cystic FibrosisCystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system Kids who have it canĀ get lung infections often and have trouble breathing.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf.html/a8599c25-ea2d-4839-9cf8-3ba990e27320
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Chloride Sweat TestIs your child scheduled to have a sweat test? Find out how this test is performed and how it's used to diagnose cystic fibrosis.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sweat-test.html/4c78e8d2-75de-49d9-83b5-fb5c76dbb32e
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Respiratory Screen: SputumKids with cystic fibrosis (CF) often get lung and airway infections. A sputum CF respiratory screen or culture helps doctors detect, identify, and treat infection-causing bacteria or fungi.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf-screen.html/5a3dc4fc-4253-4e5f-a876-f53374456659
Cystic Fibrosis and NutritionBesides extra calories, kids with cystic fibrosis have some specific nutritional needs. Find out ways to help your child with CF grow healthy and strong.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf-nutrition.html/a7eae89a-66b0-4cf2-8124-f7e213cfe8e4
Cystic Fibrosis: Sample MenuThis sample meal plan for teens with cystic fibrosis provides a day's worth of meals that add up to about 3,750 calories.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/cf-menu.html/59417c84-59f7-404e-88a8-d1099e929713
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-gastroenterologykh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pulmonologyPulmonology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-pulm/8b11d6c4-0956-412e-9db7-0bcd2e4150e1Chttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/c/fdabc7bf-e1f5-4c6b-9f0b-00e1f3eac955