A to Z: Bronchitisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgBronchitis (say: bron-kye-tis) is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the airways that connect the trachea (windpipe) to the lungs.bronchitis, lungs, respiratory, breathing, breath, trouble breathing, cough, coughing, virus, acute, chronic, inflammation, windpipe10/26/201203/22/201909/02/201994057dda-8a35-413c-a95c-2ed5c4b87f0ehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bronchitis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>Bronchitis (bron-KYE-tis) is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the airways that connect the trachea (windpipe) to the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>In bronchitis, the bronchial tubes become irritated and <span>produce </span>more mucus, and it may be harder for air to pass in and out of the lungs. The most common symptom of bronchitis is a <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-cough.html/">cough</a>, but it also can cause wheezing, chest pain, and a low fever.</p> <p>Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, and it may occur with or after a cold or other respiratory infection. Chronic bronchitis is most common in smokers, although people who have repeated episodes of acute bronchitis sometimes develop the chronic condition.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/">Handwashing</a> often helps prevent the spread of many germs that cause bronchitis &mdash; especially during cold and flu season.</p> <p>Because acute bronchitis is most often due to&nbsp;a virus, the doctor may not prescribe an antibiotic (antibiotics only work against bacteria, not viruses). The doctor will recommend drinking lots of fluids, getting plenty of rest, and maybe using an over-the-counter or prescription cough medicine.</p> <p>For chronic bronchitis, the goal is to reduce exposure to whatever is irritating the bronchial tubes. For people who smoke, that means quitting and avoiding secondhand smoke.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: AdenovirusAdenoviruses are a group of viruses that can infect the membranes (tissue linings) of the respiratory tract, eyes, intestines, and urinary tract. They are common among infants and young children.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-adenovirus.html/5352f91f-f9c1-4939-882f-4aa034cb6893
Adenovirus Adenoviruses can infect the lining of the eyes, airways and lungs, intestines, urinary tract, and nervous system. They're common causes of fever, coughs, sore throats, diarrhea, and pinkeye.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/adenovirus.html/1364126a-08d4-49be-8630-eabbffc2e9e6
BronchiolitisBronchiolitis is a common illness of the respiratory tract caused by an infection that affects tiny airways. The best treatment for most kids with bronchiolitis is time to recover and plenty of fluids. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bronchiolitis.html/d745e0fc-51c4-4988-be7d-4d67a503d7b2
ColdsColds are the most common infectious disease in the United States - and the top reason kids visit the doctor and miss school.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cold.html/b9edc12e-0507-49ec-84a9-b00b20e89827
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Hand Washing: Why It's So ImportantWashing your hands well and often is the best way to keep from getting sick. Here's how to teach this all-important habit to your kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/hand-washing.html/1751c1fa-461c-4b39-9003-a19c00f8549d
How Can I Quit Smoking?Nearly 1 in 5 deaths in the United States is related to tobacco. Are you ready to kick the habit?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/quit-smoking.html/c4c74eb0-2d18-4e56-a229-ef6786241d6b
Kids and SmokingThe health risks of smoking are well known, many young people still do it. Here's how to help your kids avoid smoking, vaping, or using chewing tobacco - or quit, if they've already started.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/smoking.html/c3460ff1-8ca5-45da-8e78-bf0390117066
Lungs and Respiratory SystemBy the time we're 70 years old, we will have taken at least 600 million breaths. All of this breathing couldn't happen without the respiratory system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/6fe380c0-fe47-47a4-ba19-7e0944585a61
Secondhand SmokeBreathing in someone else's secondhand smoke is hazardous to our health. Find out what you can do about it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/secondhand-smoke.html/d837c45a-388e-4350-bcbb-a15d62b6d177
SmokingSmoking is on the decline, but some people are still lighting up. Why? The answer is addiction. Find out more in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/smoking.html/08fb527f-020f-47cc-aaee-19cdbdfa0b0f
Smoking Stinks!Everyone says smoking is bad for you. Why? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/smoking.html/c348938c-d51f-4540-8785-90ac4f781a3b
Smoking and AsthmaSmoking - or even breathing in secondhand smoke - can make asthma worse. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/smoking-asthma.html/9c6f7dd3-7a2f-4b4b-b5a9-93a90f2b724b
The Danger of Antibiotic OveruseTaking antibiotics too often or for the wrong reason has led to a dangerous rise in bacteria that no longer respond to medicine. Find out what you can do to prevent antibiotic overuse.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/antibiotic-overuse.html/35450851-5c65-4c1e-bab3-b8668a7b309d
Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?Washing your hands is the best way to stop germs from spreading. Learn all about the best way to wash your hands in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/wash-hands.html/ae19eff8-ac7c-44be-bd9f-b2efe6953f6d
Your Lungs & Respiratory SystemWhat's something kids are doing all day, every day? Breathing! Your lungs are large and in charge of breathing, so read all about them in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/lungs.html/ccaece97-199b-462e-b662-19edf5fcb1dc