A to Z: Bronchiectasisenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about causes of breathing difficulties and conditions that can affect the lungs and bronchi.Bronchiectasis, congenital bronchiectasis, acquired bronchiectasis, lungs, bronchi, bronchioles, mucus, sputum, chronic cough, cystic fibrosis, pneumonia, bacterial infections, lung infections, immunodeficiency, trachea, airways, antibiotics, expectorants11/06/201303/21/201909/02/2019a91f9285-af61-42a5-b2a4-648fa993e85fhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bronchiectasis.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p>Bronchiectasis (bron-kee-EK-tuh-sis) is a condition in which airways in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/">lungs</a> become abnormally stretched and widened due to inflammation and mucus blockage. It can affect small or larger areas of the lung depending on how severe it is.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>The trachea, or windpipe, carries inhaled air from the throat to the chest cavity. At its bottom end, the trachea divides into left and right air tubes called bronchi, which connect to the lungs. Within the lungs, the bronchi branch into smaller bronchi and even smaller tubes called bronchioles. These airways are protected by mucus that removes foreign particles that enter the lungs.</p> <p>When someone has bronchiectasis, an infection or other condition damages the airways and causes them to&nbsp;become widened, floppy, and unable to clear out mucus. Large amounts of mucus build up, stretching the bronchi and allowing bacteria to grow. This leads to repeated lung infections that further damage the bronchi. The main symptom of bronchiectasis is a chronic <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/childs-cough.html/">cough</a> with large amounts of sputum (a mixture of saliva and mucus).</p> <p>Bronchiectasis can be present at birth (congenital bronchiectasis), but it usually develops later in life (acquired bronchiectasis). Common causes of bronchiectasis include <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf.html/">cystic fibrosis</a>, lung infections, pneumonia, conditions that weaken the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/immune.html/">immune system</a>, and airway obstruction due to a tumor or inhaled foreign object.</p> <p>Treatment for bronchiectasis usually involves medications to treat infections and help drain mucus from the affected airways.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>There is no cure for bronchiectasis, but proper treatment allows most people who have it&nbsp;to lead normal, productive lives. Treatment should start as soon as possible after the condition is diagnosed in order to minimize damage to the lungs.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: BronchiolitisBronchiolitis is a common illness of the respiratory tract caused by an infection that affects the bronchioles, tiny airways that lead to the lungs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bronchiolitis.html/a76b72d7-d0e9-4691-9296-609efafcdc74
BronchiolitisBronchiolitis is a common illness of the respiratory tract caused by an infection that affects tiny airways. The best treatment for most kids with bronchiolitis is time to recover and plenty of fluids. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bronchiolitis.html/d745e0fc-51c4-4988-be7d-4d67a503d7b2
Cystic FibrosisCystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system Kids who have it canĀ get lung infections often and have trouble breathing.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf.html/a8599c25-ea2d-4839-9cf8-3ba990e27320
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Respiratory Screen: SputumKids with cystic fibrosis (CF) often get lung and airway infections. A sputum CF respiratory screen or culture helps doctors detect, identify, and treat infection-causing bacteria or fungi.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cf-screen.html/5a3dc4fc-4253-4e5f-a876-f53374456659
Lungs and Respiratory SystemBy the time we're 70 years old, we will have taken at least 600 million breaths. All of this breathing couldn't happen without the respiratory system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/lungs.html/6fe380c0-fe47-47a4-ba19-7e0944585a61
PneumoniaPneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by different types of germs, most commonly viruses. Read about symptoms and treatment.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/pneumonia.html/04648784-6e52-4b69-8d5c-9525558b42e5
Your Lungs & Respiratory SystemWhat's something kids are doing all day, every day? Breathing! Your lungs are large and in charge of breathing, so read all about them in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/lungs.html/ccaece97-199b-462e-b662-19edf5fcb1dc
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-pulmonologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-pulmonologyBhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/b/b18a8d60-0908-4738-a137-dbbebbbcca74Pulmonology A to Zhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/az-pulm/8b11d6c4-0956-412e-9db7-0bcd2e4150e1https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg