A to Z: Botulismenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about bacterial infections, foodborne illnesses, and conditions that affect the nervous system.Botulism, foodborne botulism, infant botulism, wound botulism, Clostridium botulinum, bacterial infection, food poisoning, paralysis, muscle weakness, constipation, double vision, blurred vision, botulism antitoxin, respiratory failure, breathing problems10/11/201303/22/201909/02/20195e9c7069-ab3a-46a5-8fd1-8bec1f45991ehttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Foodborne Botulism; Infant Botulism; Wound Botulism</strong></p> <p>Botulism (BAH-chu-lih-zum) is a rare but serious illness caused by poisons produced by <em>Clostridium botulinum</em> bacteria.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p><em>Clostridium botulinum</em> is a naturally occurring bacterium that can be found in soil and dust. When <em>C. botulinum</em> infects a person, it produces toxins (poisons) that cause <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">nerves</a> to function abnormally, leading to weakness and paralysis.</p> <p>There are three main types of botulism:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism-foodborne.html/">Foodborne botulism</a></strong> occurs when someone eats food contaminated with the bacteria. This happens most commonly with home-canned foods that aren't prepared or stored properly.</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism-wound.html/">Wound botulism</a></strong> is when the bacteria infect a wound. This is most commonly associated with the use of injected illegal drugs like heroin.</li> <li><strong><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/botulism.html/">Infant botulism</a></strong> happens when a baby ingests <em>C. botulinum</em> spores, which can grow in the <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/digestive.html/">digestive system</a> and produce toxins.</li> </ol> <p>Symptoms of botulism include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, and muscle weakness. In infants, symptoms include constipation, a flat facial expression, poor feeding, a weak cry, decreased movement, trouble swallowing, excessive drooling, muscle weakness, and breathing problems.</p> <p>If not treated, botulism can cause respiratory failure, paralysis, and death. Botulism is usually treated in a hospital with an antitoxin that blocks the toxins produced by the bacteria. In some cases, ventilators may be used to help with breathing.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Botulism can be fatal, so anyone who shows signs of the disease should receive immediate medical attention. Fortunately, botulism is extremely rare, with about 145 cases reported in the United States each year. With proper treatment, most people recover fully from botulism, but this can take several weeks or months.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Botulism, FoodborneLearn about bacterial infections, foodborne illnesses, and conditions that affect the nervous system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism-foodborne.html/7edf98e1-d011-4ae2-af1a-a81721f16f2f
A to Z: Botulism, InfantLearn about bacterial infections, foodborne illnesses, and conditions that affect the nervous system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism-infant.html/4fd2e46e-b3dc-46e4-b214-b3d7b3be9856
A to Z: Botulism, WoundLearn about bacterial infections, foodborne illnesses, and conditions that affect the nervous system.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-botulism-wound.html/25b35680-4c29-4cee-b833-12fc6f5ea636
Can I Feed My Baby Honey?Find out what the experts have to say.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/honey-botulism.html/3f4968db-0e86-47e1-96be-846fcfcd786d
Food PoisoningSometimes, germs can get into food and cause food poisoning. Find out what to do if your child gets food poisoning - and how to prevent it.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-poisoning.html/3574049c-833d-4fb5-b597-6a9d1c4aae09
Food SafetyLearn why food safety is important and how you can avoid the spread of bacteria when you are buying, preparing, and storing food.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-safety.html/c6a206a5-5abf-4711-bbc3-86943d8a9e36
Food Safety for Your FamilyWhy is food safety important? And how can you be sure your kitchen and the foods you prepare in it are safe?https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/food-safety.html/0caf1e5d-2bda-4ba7-8855-560f9e30f791
Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and ProtozoaGerms are tiny organisms that can cause disease - and they're so small that they can creep into your system without you noticing. Find out how to protect yourself.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/care-about-germs.html/59b8feef-766a-4272-ac83-38140b1d176a
Infant BotulismInfant botulism can happen if a baby ingests bacteria that make toxins inside the body. Treatment can help a baby who gets it recover fully.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/botulism.html/4301fb7e-1cae-4704-89f6-e5810a7b2497
What Are Germs?You know they can hurt you, but what are these invisible creatures? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/germs.html/cd877075-9d39-4c9a-b4f8-d67cb341050f