A to Z: Beta Thalassemiaenparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about genetic disorders and diseases and conditions that affect the blood.Beta thalassemia, beta thalassemia minor, beta thalassemia trait, beta thalassemia major, beta thalassemia intermedia, Cooley's anemia, Mediterranean anemia, anemia, blood, hemoglobin, beta globin, genes, bone marrow transplant, folic acid, chromosomes, thalassemias, red blood cells, RBCs12/04/201303/21/201909/02/20193cb2a926-8263-431d-a2bc-b1da543eb486https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-beta-thalassemia.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/beta-thalassemia.html/">Beta thalassemia</a> (thal-uh-SEE-me-uh) is an inherited <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood.html/">blood</a> disorder in which the body has a problem producing beta globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells (RBCs) that transports oxygen throughout the body.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Hemoglobin contains two chains of alpha globin and two chains of beta globin. Beta thalassemia happens when one of the genes controlling beta globin production&nbsp;is absent or defective, causing faster than normal destruction of RBCs. This leads to <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/anemia.html/">anemia</a>, which can cause fatigue and other complications, including bone deformities, slower growth rates, and organ damage.</p> <p>There are three types of beta thalassemia, depending on whether one or two beta globin genes are mutated, and the severity of the mutations:</p> <ol class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Beta thalassemia minor (or beta thalassemia trait) is&nbsp;when one beta globin gene is mutated. It usually causes&nbsp;mild anemia and requires no treatment.</li> <li>Beta thalassemia major (Cooley's anemia) is when both of the beta globin genes are mutated. This is the most severe form of beta thalassemia. Babies who have it&nbsp;often seem healthy at first, but develop symptoms within the first 2 years of life. It's treated&nbsp;with regular <a class="kh_anchor">blood transfusions</a>.</li> <li>Beta thalassemia intermedia is&nbsp;when both beta globin genes are mutated, but the mutations are less severe. It usually causes moderately severe anemia and sometimes requires regular blood transfusions.</li> </ol> <p>Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and may include blood transfusions and folic acid supplements. A bone marrow transplant is the only known cure for beta thalassemia, but since transplants carry many risks, they are usually done only in the most severe cases of thalassemia.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>For many people with beta thalassemia trait, whose only symptom may be mild anemia from time to time, no medical treatment is necessary. Those who have a more severe type of the disease can reduce the risk of complications by eating a balanced diet, getting regular physical activity, taking steps to prevent colds or&nbsp;flu, and going to all their medical appointments as recommended.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
Alpha ThalassemiaAlpha thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing alpha globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/thalassemias.html/3f585363-6910-4555-8974-0ac2bce7df91
AnemiaAnemia is common in teens because they undergo rapid growth spurts, when the body needs more nutrients like iron. Learn about anemia and how it's treated.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/anemia.html/d59f63cc-1045-4151-87c3-750eb2f414d4
Beta ThalassemiaBeta thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body has a problem producing beta globin, a component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/beta-thalassemia.html/92b6c08b-14ad-4b67-bc47-c1acd388d19c
Blood Find out about the mysterious, life-sustaining fluid called blood.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/blood.html/4cbf9380-e4e4-445c-92a9-93f01a97516b
Blood Test: HemoglobinHemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells. A hemoglobin test can be done as part of a routine checkup to screen for problems and or because a child isn't feeling well. https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/blood-test-hemoglobin.html/d1e09555-be24-4d30-9163-49a54cb14dff
Blood TransfusionsAbout 5 million people a year get blood transfusions in the United States. This article explains why people need them and who donates the blood used.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/transfusions.html/e62b4115-02ec-45e0-bab3-ab6097ba1f4d
What's Anemia?What does it mean when a kid has anemia? Learn about anemia, why kids get it, and how it's treated in our article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/anemia.html/9888df72-edc2-4c11-8660-bb2c4b682960
kh:age-allAgesOrAgeAgnostickh:clinicalDesignation-hematologykh:genre-dictionarykh:primaryClinicalDesignation-hematologyBhttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/b/b18a8d60-0908-4738-a137-dbbebbbcca74Cancer Basicshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/cancer-center/cancer-basics/9ea0efb4-12d0-4d11-8b46-923deeb7b806Heart & Blood Vesselshttps://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/medical/heart/e9ef0549-4392-4778-974d-753019ce4b8bhttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg