A to Z: Beriberienparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about complications of poor nutrition and conditions that can affect the cardiovascular and nervous systems.Beriberi, thiamine deficiency, thiamin deficiency, vitamin B1 deficiency, wet beriberi, dry beriberi, genetic beriberi, kakke, Shoshin beriberi, nervous system, cardiovascular system, heart, heart failure, coma, psychosis, vomiting, seizures, alcohol abuse, alcoholism, edema, hydrochloric acid, carbohydrates, digestion, beri beri, berri berri, berry berry, barry barry, vitamin b, vitamins, nutritional deficiency, poor nutrition12/04/201303/21/201909/02/2019d432fd13-d1a4-4dc5-aaa0-8a8e2cc00423https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-beriberi.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><strong>May also be called: Thiamine Deficiency; Vitamin B1 Deficiency</strong></p> <p>Beriberi (BAIR-ee-BAIR-ee) is a disease caused by a lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) that mainly affects the cardiovascular and <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/">nervous systems</a>.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Thiamine, also called vitamin B1, is an essential nutrient involved in <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bones-muscles-joints.html/">muscle</a> and nervous system functioning, breaking down <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/sugar.html/">carbohydrates</a>, and producing acids necessary for proper digestion. Thiamine can be found in foods such as meats, dairy products, whole grains, vegetables, beans, and nuts.</p> <p>Too little thiamine in the body can lead to beriberi. The main types of beriberi are:</p> <ul class="kh_longline_list"> <li>Dry beriberi, which affects the nervous system. Symptoms include vomiting, seizures, muscle weakness, loss of muscle function in the legs, and mental confusion.</li> <li>Wet beriberi, which&nbsp;affects the cardiovascular system. Symptoms include shortness of breath, swelling of the lower legs, rapid heart rate, and chest pain.</li> </ul> <p>Beriberi is most commonly associated with people who abuse alcohol and those whose diet consists mainly of refined white rice. In rare cases, new mothers who lack sufficient thiamine can pass beriberi on to breastfeeding infants.</p> <p>If it's not treated, beriberi can lead to heart failure, coma, psychosis, and death. Fortunately, beriberi is rare in developed countries, where&nbsp;most foods are enriched with vitamins.</p> <p>Beriberi is treated with thiamine supplements that can be swallowed or injected.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>Anyone who eats a healthy diet should get enough thiamine. For those who do develop&nbsp;beriberi, prompt treatment usually brings quick improvement and can reverse damage to the heart and nervous system. If treatment is delayed, however, some damage can become permanent, so a doctor should be consulted as soon as symptoms start.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A to Z: Vitamin D DeficiencyVitamin D deficiency is a condition that happens when a person isn't getting enough vitamin D, which is needed for strong bones and overall health.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-vitamin-d.html/0b838d31-b9d2-4c44-b888-79b53ffe835a
Brain and Nervous SystemThe brain controls everything we do, and is often likened to the central computer within a vast, complicated communication network, working at lightning speed.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/brain-nervous-system.html/1e2a5004-5865-4069-97fd-5488c31075b9
Figuring Out Food LabelsThe food label on a food package is a lot like the table of contents in a book - it tells you exactly what the food contains. Read our article for kids for more about food labels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/labels.html/3ca33859-3e8d-41be-88e5-bbe199b8d8e6
Food LabelsLook at any packaged food and you'll see the food label. This nutrition facts label gives the lowdown on everything from calories to cholesterol. Read more about food labels.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/food-labels.html/9fd21fc8-7da9-499f-a517-dcacb9624e24
Heart and Circulatory SystemThe heart and circulatory system (also called the cardiovascular system) make up the network that delivers blood to the body's tissues.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/heart.html/fde8120a-c54e-4e57-94b8-fb4375c29487
Nutrition & Fitness CenterYou know the importance of exercising and eating nutritious foods, but do you know how to raise a healthy and active child? Get practical advice and tips.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/center/fitness-nutrition-center.html/7009e5b7-7f4b-454d-bb03-b5f0660de762
VitaminsHow vital are vitamins? Find out in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/vitamin.html/f1dadef1-f540-416c-a78b-82a4d03db9dc
Vitamins and MineralsVitamins and minerals are nutrients that the body needs to work properly. They boost the immune system, promote normal growth and development, and help cells and organs do their jobs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/vitamins-minerals.html/7db5e5be-3935-4119-b49b-bb2e8a5ba349
Your Brain & Nervous SystemYour brain is the boss of your body and runs the whole show. Learn more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/brain.html/e7546b11-3aa5-4186-b323-c053d4140274
Your Heart & Circulatory SystemYour heart is a hard-working muscle. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/heart.html/9730472f-2ef1-413a-92bf-041c533b9564
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