A to Z: Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)enparentshttps://kidshealth.org/EN/images/headers/P-khAZDictionary-enHD-AR1.jpgLearn about mental health disorders and causes of low self-esteem and negative thoughts about body image.Body dysmorphic disorder, BDD, imagined ugliness, dysmorphophobia, atypical somatoform disorder, self image, obsessions, compulsions, mental health professionals, psychology, psychiatry, psychologist, psychiatrist, cognitive-behavioral therapy, mental health issues, psychological conditions, depression, suicidal thoughts, body image, self-esteem, self esteem, body issues, flaws, defects, self-image, compulsive, sompulsions, obsessed, obsessions, ocd, obsessive, compelled, disorders, mental disorders, eating disorders11/13/201303/21/201909/02/2019ebe14331-458e-48f1-9425-ba33dd558d07https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/az-bdd.html/<p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/dictionary/"><img class="right" title="Parents image" src="https://kidshealth.org/EN/images/buttons/P-atoZDictionary-enBT.jpg" alt="A to Z Dictionary 500 Go" name="5093-P_ATOZDICTIONARY2_ENBT.JPG" /></a></p> <p><a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/bdd.html/">Body dysmorphic</a> (dis-MOR-fik) disorder is a psychological condition that causes people to be constantly preoccupied with imagined, perceived, or otherwise trivial defects or flaws in their appearance.</p> <h3>More to Know</h3> <p>Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a condition that involves <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ocd.html/">obsessions</a>, which are distressing thoughts that repeatedly intrude into a person's awareness. With BDD, the distressing thoughts are about appearance flaws. For example, people with BDD may worry that their hair is thin, their face is scarred, their eyes aren't exactly the same size, their nose is too big, or their lips are too thin. BDD also involves compulsions, which are things a person does to try to relieve the tension caused by the obsessive thoughts.</p> <p>The pattern of obsessions and compulsions can disrupt daily life. Someone with BDD may avoid going to school, quit a job, or just stay home all the time. BDD can lead to social isolation, <a href="https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/understanding-depression.html/">depression</a>, and, in severe cases, suicidal thoughts. BDD can be treated by an experienced mental health professional.</p> <p>Usually, treatment involves a type of therapy called cognitive-behavioral therapy, which focuses on the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and helps to correct the pattern behind the body image distortion and distress. Sometimes a doctor may prescribe an antidepressant medication.</p> <h3>Keep in Mind</h3> <p>With help and time, relief from BDD is possible. An experienced psychologist or psychiatrist who is knowledgeable about BDD can help break the disorder's grip and enable someone living with the disorder to lead a full and productive life.</p> <p><em>All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts.</em></p>
A Guy's Guide to Body ImageMany people think of guys as being carefree when it comes to appearance. But guys spend plenty of time in front of the mirror. And some worry just as much as girls do about their looks.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/male-bodyimage.html/1c60a19e-cb69-4513-9d9f-df1b2d7e8045
About Teen SuicideWhen a teen commits suicide, everyone is affected. The reasons behind a suicide or attempted suicide can be complex, but often there are warning signs.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/suicide.html/e5d8251a-59a1-4497-88b5-6cb66cd2631e
Body Dysmorphic DisorderFor some people, worries about appearance become extreme and upsetting, interfering with their lives, a condition called body dysmorphic disorder.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/body-image-problem.html/3171d598-f999-4481-a898-f300b4aedc8c
Body Image and Self-EsteemWhen your body changes, so can your image of yourself. Find out how your body image affects your self-esteem and what you can do.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/body-image.html/7149667b-50a9-40d9-bee3-57800969b218
Compulsive ExerciseEven though exercise has many positive benefits, too much can be harmful. Teens who exercise compulsively are at risk for both physical and psychological problems.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/compulsive-exercise.html/57728848-9e48-4724-8268-8faa34c0e1c9
DepressionDepression is very common. For more information about depression and feeling better, check out this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/depression.html/313901c9-c72a-4f03-831b-94ab61da2856
Help! Is This My Body?Your body's changing - and if you've ever felt out of step with it, you're not alone. Find out how to deal with body changes and feelings in this article.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/help-body.html/d6b33158-b043-4e98-a009-e6e3271d65d7
How Can I Feel Better About My Body?It's normal to wish you could change something about your body. Find out more about these feelings in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/feel-better-about-body.html/50063a44-dbba-4561-923a-89df101014d4
How Can I Improve My Self-Esteem?We all have problems with self-esteem at certain times in our lives. Here are some tips that might help.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/self-esteem.html/d484878a-9701-4608-b439-263e4607e455
Obsessive-Compulsive DisorderAll kids have worries and doubts. But some have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in which their worries compel them to behave in certain ways over and over again. OCD can get better with the right attention and care.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/ocd.html/344575a2-b6b9-4cfc-b608-804289308f3c
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)Someone might say you're obsessed with soccer or something else that you really like, but when someone has a true obsession, it isn't any fun. Find out more about obsessive-compulsive disorder in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/ocd.html/2b0591fe-5ed3-45da-ac1e-0271b01af085
Sadness and DepressionEveryone is sad once in a while. But depression is a sadness that goes on too long and hurts too much. Find out more in this article for kids.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/depression.html/f5bae932-e007-4fc5-b712-271e8bdff1ab
Stress & Coping CenterVisit our stress and coping center for advice on how to handle stress, including different stressful situations.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/center/stress-center.html/31890be1-2161-48bf-9246-74d3be74d3b3
Taking Your Child to a TherapistMany children and teens have problems that affect how they feel, act, or learn. Going to therapy helps them cope better, feel better, and do better.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/parents/finding-therapist.html/36c31f3c-0467-4e71-8c7e-c6274c9f2c8f
When Depression Is SevereSevere depression can cloud a person's thinking and lead some people to think that life isn't worth living. But severe depression can be treated. Find out what to do and how to get help in this article for teens.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/teens/severe-depression.html/f8a6f7b0-feaf-499d-b2a1-ebdb48a21c3d
Word! DepressionIt's normal to feel sad sometimes, but if you feel that way for a long time, and you never feel happy, it's called depression.https://kidshealth.org/ws/RadyChildrens/en/kids/word-depression.html/ce7dbc50-c60b-4ef6-a18f-f15a0a5406ad